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Nintendo Entertainment System
Top: North American/European NES control deck with controller, similar to the South Korean Comboy.
Bottom: Japanese/Taiwanese/Hong Kong Family Computer ("Famicom") main unit (with the hardwired controllers).
|Also known as||Family Computer/Famicom (Japan)|
Hyundai Comboy (Korea)
|Type||Home video game console|
|Release date||[[JP|July 15, 1983 (Famicom)]] NA|
|Retail availability||1983–2003 (Famicom) |
|Introductory price||¥14,800 (Japan) |
$179 (US Deluxe Set)
|Discontinued||August 14, 1995 JP (NES)|
|Units sold||Worldwide: 61.91 million |
Japan: 19.35 million
America: 34.00 million
Other: 8.56 million
|Media||ROM cartridge ("Game Pak")b[›]|
|CPU||Ricoh 2A03 8-bit processor (MOS Technology 6502 core)|
|Controller input||2 controller portsc[›] |
1 expansion slot
|Predecessor||Color TV-Game series|
|Successor||Super Nintendo Entertainment System|
|Related articles||Famicom Disk System, Famicom 3D System|
The controller for the NES was different from the joysticks that older consoles had. It had a D-pad button, that could go up, down, left, or right. It also had A, B, Select, and Start buttons. The NES could use up to two controllers for multiplayer games. There were also other types of controllers that could be used with the NES.
Some famous games for the NES are Super Mario Bros., The Legend of Zelda, Metroid, Mega Man, Castlevania, Donkey Kong, and Final Fantasy. There have been many sequels made to these games and they are still enjoyed today. Nintendo discontinued (stopped making and selling) the NES in 1995.
The CPU (Central Processing Unit) in the NES is called MOS 6502 and is an 8-bit CPU. The chip that contains the CPU also contains other electronics that generate sound for games and help with some other things. There are two different versions of the chip called 2A03 and 2A07 that are used in different regions of the world (2A03 works with NTSC TVs, 2A07 with PAL TVs). It was made by a company called Ricoh.
The NES uses a chip called the PPU (Picture Processing Unit) to draw graphics on the TV. It has two different versions called 2C02 (for NTSC TVs) and 2C07 (for PAL TVs). It was also made by Ricoh.
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