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Office of National Drug Control Policy

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Office of National Drug Control Policy
Agency overview
Formed October 27, 1986; 35 years ago (1986-10-27)
Headquarters Washington, D.C., U.S.
Annual budget $31.4 billion[1]
Agency executive Vacant, Director
Parent agency Executive Office of the President

The Office of National Drug Control Policy is a part of the Executive Office of the President of the United States.


The Director of National Drug Control Policy, known as the Drug Czar, heads the office. "Drug Czar" was a term first used in the media by then-Senator Joe Biden in October 1982.[2][3]

In addition to running the ONDCP, the director evaluates, coordinates, and oversees both the international and domestic anti-drug efforts of executive branch agencies and ensures that such efforts sustain and complement State and local anti-drug activities. The Director advises the President regarding changes in the organization, management, budgeting, and personnel of federal agencies that affect U.S. anti-drug efforts; and regarding federal agency compliance with their obligations under the National Drug Control Strategy, an annual report required by law.

2017 Rumored shutdown

As early as February 2017, The New York Times had reported that the Trump administration was considering eliminating the office, and other programs responsible for a total of $2.5 billion of domestic spending.[4] In May, the office's website was blanked and Politico and The Washington Post both reported that the office was about to be drastically defunded.[5][6]

List of Directors

The title of Director, as well as the office, was created by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988. The position had cabinet-level status from 1993 to 2009.

# Portrait Name Term President
1 William J. Bennett, 1987.jpg Bill Bennett March 13, 1989 – December 13, 1990 George H. W. Bush
2 Bobmartinez (cropped).jpg Bob Martinez March 28, 1991 – January 20, 1993
John Walters official photo.jpg John Walters
January 20, 1993 – July 19, 1993 Bill Clinton
3 Leepbrown.jpg Lee Brown July 19, 1993 – January 1996
4 Barry McCaffrey.jpg Barry McCaffrey February 29, 1996 – January 20, 2001
No image.svg Ed Jurith
January 20, 2001 – December 7, 2001 George W. Bush
5 John Walters official photo.jpg John Walters December 7, 2001 – January 20, 2009
No image.svg Ed Jurith
January 20, 2009 – May 7, 2009 Barack Obama
6 Gil Kerlikowske official portrait small.jpg Gil Kerlikowske May 7, 2009 – March 6, 2014
7 Michael Botticelli.jpg Michael Botticelli
Acting: 2014–2015
March 6, 2014 – January 20, 2017
No image.svg Kemp Chester
January 20, 2017 – March 27, 2017 Donald Trump
No image.svg Rich Baum
March 28, 2017 – February 9, 2018
8 James W. Carroll, Jr.jpg Jim Carroll February 9, 2018 – January 20, 2021
Acting: February 9, 2018 – January 3, 2019
Nominee No image.svg Rahul Gupta Nominated on July 13, 2021 Joe Biden


  1. Office of the Press Secretary. "ONDCP". (Washington, D.C.: White House). Retrieved June 27, 2017. 
  2. Maintland, Leslie. (October 9, 1982) New York Times U.S. plans a new drive on narcotics. Section: 1; Page 18. (noting, "But Senator Joseph R. Biden Jr., the Delaware Democrat who is a strong advocate of antinarcotics efforts, said today that he thought no program could work without a Cabinet-level "drug czar" in charge to coordinate the work of various agencies.")
  3. "Joe Biden Coined The Term "Drug Czar", Wrote Laws Banning Drug Paraphenilia". 
  4. Sharon LaFraniere and Alan Rappeport (February 17, 2017), "Popular Domestic Programs Face Ax Under First Trump Budget", The New York Times, 
  5. Dan Diamond (May 5, 2017), Trump budget would effectively kill drug control office, 
  6. Report: White House plans to slash funding for fed Drug Control Policy office, The Washington Post, May 5, 2017,, retrieved September 3, 2017 

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