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George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
|41st President of the United States|
January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993
|Vice President||Dan Quayle|
|Preceded by||Ronald Reagan|
|Succeeded by||Bill Clinton|
|43rd Vice President of the United States|
January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1989
|Preceded by||Walter Mondale|
|Succeeded by||Dan Quayle|
|Director of Central Intelligence|
January 30, 1976 – January 20, 1977
|Preceded by||William Colby|
|Succeeded by||Stansfield Turner|
|Chief of the Liaison Office to the People's Republic of China|
September 26, 1974 – December 7, 1975
|Preceded by||David Bruce|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Gates|
|Chairperson of the Republican National Committee|
January 19, 1973 – September 16, 1974
|Preceded by||Bob Dole|
|Succeeded by||Mary Smith|
|United States Ambassador to the United Nations|
March 1, 1971 – January 18, 1973
|Preceded by||Charles Yost|
|Succeeded by||John Scali|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Texas's 7th district
January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1971
|Preceded by||John Dowdy|
|Succeeded by||William Reynolds Archer Jr.|
|Born|| George Herbert Walker Bush|
June 12, 1924
Milton, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died|| November 30, 2018 (aged 94)|
Kennebunkport, Maine, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Barbara Pierce (m. 1945–2018)|
|Alma mater||Yale University|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1942–1945|
|Rank||Lieutenant (junior grade)|
|Unit||Fast Carrier Task Force|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards|| Distinguished Flying Cross|
Air Medal (3)
Presidential Unit Citation
George Herbert Walker Bush (June 12, 1924 – November 30, 2018) was an American politician. He was the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993. Before he became president, he was the 43rd Vice President of the United States from 1981 to 1989 (under the Ronald Reagan administration), an ambassador, a congressman, and Director of Central Intelligence. He was married to Barbara Bush from 1945 until her death in 2018. His children include 43rd President of the United States George W. Bush, former Governor of Florida Jeb Bush, and Dorothy Bush Koch. He was an Episcopalian.
On November 25, 2017, Bush became the longest-lived U.S. President. He passed the 93 years and 165 days lifespan of Gerald Ford, who died on December 26, 2006.
Bush was born on June 12, 1924 in Milton Massachusetts. His father was politician Prescott Bush. He studied at Yale University. In June 1943, Bush became the youngest pilot in the United States Navy at the time.
Bush served in the United States Navy during 1942 until 1945. During WWII, his plane was shot down. He won 3 Air Medal, Presidential Unit Citation, and the Distinguished Flying Cross. He married Barbara Pierce in 1945. They had six children.
He later was a House Representative. He also was Republican Party Chairman and attempted the vice presidency, with the support of Congressional conservatives such as Senator Barry Goldwater, after Nixon resigned and Ford took office but lost to liberal Republican Nelson Rockefeller in 1974.  Bush also ran against Ronald Reagan in 1980 for the Republican Party's candidacy for President but lost. He was then named Republican Vice Presidential candidate by Reagan after Reagan defeated him. Reagan and Bush were elected President and Vice President that year.
After being Ronald Reagan's vice-president, George H.W. Bush was elected president in 1988 by defeating Democrat Michael Dukakis. While he was President, the Cold War ended and the Soviet Union fell apart.
In 1992, Bush visited the Prime Minister of Japan, Kiichi Miyazawa, when he vomited on his lap and soon fainted during a dinner feast. Hours later, Bush made a comment that he was suffering from the flu.
When Saddam Hussein (the dictator of Iraq) invaded its enemy Kuwait in order to steal their supplies of oil, George H.W. Bush led the United States and many other countries to protect Kuwait. The conflict was called the Gulf War. He also invaded Panama to remove its dictator Manuel Noreiga who was guilty of drug trafficking.
At home, George H. W. Bush also signed in important laws such as The Americans With Disabilities Act. However, the country suffered from a recession. This was embarrassing and many people believe this was why he lost the presidential election of 1992 to Bill Clinton.
Bush lived on a ranch in Houston, Texas with his family. After his presidency, he supported John McCain and his son George W. Bush. He supported Mitt Romney and Rick Perry for president. He attended the opening of the USS George H.W. Bush, a naval ship named after him. He traveled with his son to the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China.
Bush was present at his son's presidential library opening ceremony on April 25, 2013. In July 2013, Bush had his head shaved in a show of support for the two-year-old son of a member of his security detail, who had leukemia. He is the most recent president that was a veteran during World War II.
Bush sent a letter to president-elect Donald Trump in January, 2017 to inform him of his (Bush's) poor health, that he will not be able to attend Trump's inauguration on January 20, and give his best wishes.
He was the father of President George W. Bush, former Florida governor Jeb Bush, and Dorothy Bush Koch. He had two other sons. His other daughter, Robin died of leukemia in 1953. His father, also a politician was Prescott Bush. On April 13, 2013, he became a great-grandfather when his granddaughter Jenna Bush Hager gave birth to a daughter.
On November 23, 2012, Bush had a bronchitis-like cough that initially brought him to Methodist Hospital in Houston for treatment. He was supposed to be released before Christmas, but was kept in and over the holiday because he got worse with a high fever. On December 23, 2012 he started to be in the intensive-care unit. On December 29, 2012, his health became better and moved out of intensive care. He was discharged in the hospital on January 14, 2013. On December 23, 2014, Bush was once again hospitalized at the Methodist Hospital after suffering a "shortness of breath". He was released from the hospital on December 30, 2014.
Bush died on November 30, 2018.
Since Bush had the same first and last names as his son, he was often called George H. W. Bush or George Bush Sr. (George Bush senior). Some people call him "41" or "Bush 41", because he was the 41st President.
- Berkeley Center
- George Bush's White House biography
- "Biography - Lieutenant Junior Grade George Bush, USNR". history.navy.mil. http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq10-1.htm. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- Parmet, Herbert George Bush: The Life of a Lone Star Yankee pages 168-171
- Turner, John Frayn Fight for the Air: Air Battles of World War II Airlife Publishing Ltd 2000 page 199
- Parmet, Herbert S. Geoge Bush: The Life of a Lone Star Yankee Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, New Jersey 2001 pages 184-207
- Genovese, Michael A. Encyclopedia of the American Presidency Revised Edition Infobase Publishing 2010 New York page 61
- Wines, Michael (January 9, 1992). "Bush Collapses at State Dinner With the Japanese". New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/1992/01/09/world/bush-in-japan-bush-collapses-at-state-dinner-with-the-japanese.html. Retrieved 2009-08-28. "President Bush fell suddenly ill and collapsed at a state dinner being given for him Wednesday night at the home of the Japanese Prime Minister."
- Popadiuk, Roman The Leadership of George Bush: An Insider's View of the Forty-First President Texas AM University Press 2009 page 190
- edited by William F. Levantrosser, Rosanna Perotti A Noble Calling: Character and the George HW Bush Presidency Hofstra University page 318
- Garcia, Feliks (18 January 2017). "George HW Bush sends personal note to Donald Trump on why he can't attend inauguration". The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/george-hw-bush-donald-trump-inauguration-letter-president-attendance-a7534221.html. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- "Photo P012712PS-0676". 2012-01-27. The Whitehouse. https://www.flickr.com/photos/whitehouse/6773105167/in/photostream/. Retrieved 2013-04-24.
- Peppers, Margot (2013-04-09). "A beaming George H W Bush poses for a photo". The Daily Mail. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2311083/A-beaming-George-H-W-Bush-poses-photo-Texas-cheerleading-squad-wears-patriotic-socks-occasion.html. Retrieved 2013-04-24.
- "Spokesman: George H.W. Bush in intensive care". Yahoo News. https://news.yahoo.com/spokesman-george-h-w-bush-intensive-care-233918880.html. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Former President Bush moved out of intensive care". USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2012/12/29/president-george-hw-bush-intensive-care/1798103/?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter&dlvrit=206567. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- "Ex-President George H.W. Bush Taken to Hospital". ABC News.com. http://abcnews.go.com/us/wirestory/president-george-hw-bush-hospital-27804432. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "George H.W. Bush is stable in Maine hospital after breaking a bone in his neck during fall at family compound". Daily Mail.co.uk. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3163286/George-HW-Bush-breaks-bone-neck-fall-Maine-family-compound.html. Retrieved July 16, 2015.
- "Former President George H. W. Bush in intensive care". CNN. April 23, 2018. https://www.cnn.com/2018/04/23/politics/george-hw-bush/index.html. Retrieved April 23, 2018.
- ""Former President George H.W. Bush Dies At 94"". NPR. 30 November 2018. https://www.npr.org/2018/11/30/423556608/former-president-george-h-w-bush-dies-at-94. Retrieved 1 December 2018.
- Bush Presidential Library and Museum
- White House biography
- Works by George Bush at Project Gutenberg Note: Contains only Bush's 1990 State of the Union address
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN programs
- Appearances on Charlie Rose programs
- Appearances at the Internet Movie Database
- Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Collected news and commentary at The Wall Street Journal
- Collected news and commentary at The Guardian
- Works by or about George H. W. Bush in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Essays on Bush and His Administration
- The President Who Treated Me Like A Son, brief memoir by his personal aide
- Photographs of President George H. W. Bush shaking hands with Philip G. Hoffman at a University of Houston commencement ceremony.
- George Bush at C-SPAN's American Presidents: Life Portraits
- Bush, George H. W. and Jim McGrath. George H. W. Bush Oral History (Directory entry), Houston Oral History Project, July 2009. Houston Public Library Digital Archives.
- The Presidents: George H.W. Bush An American Experience Documentary