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City of Houston
Flag of Houston, Texas
Flag
Nickname(s): 
Location within Harris County
Location within Harris County
Houston is located in Texas<div style="position: absolute; z-index: 2; top: Expression error: Missing operand for *.%; left: 780.3%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
Houston
Location within Texas##Location within the United States##Location within North America
Coordinates: 29°45′46″N 95°22′59″W / 29.76278°N 95.38306°W / 29.76278; -95.38306Coordinates: 29°45′46″N 95°22′59″W / 29.76278°N 95.38306°W / 29.76278; -95.38306
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountiesHarris
Fort Bend
Montgomery
IncorporatedJune 5, 1837
Government
 • MayorSylvester Turner (D)
Area
 • City601.7 sq mi (1,558 km2)
 • Land579.4 sq mi (1,501 km2)
 • Water22.3 sq mi (57.7 km2)
Elevation
43 ft (13 m)
Population
 (2007)[1][2]
 • City2,242,193
 • Density3,828/sq mi (1,471/km2)
 • Urban
3,822,509
 • Metro
5,728,143
 • Demonym
Houstonian
 (4th U.S., 6th Metro U.S.)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
FIPS code48-35000[3]
GNIS feature ID1380948[4]
Websitehoustontx.gov

Houston is the largest city in the state of Texas, and the fourth largest city in the United States with a population of over 2 million people as of 2019. The current mayor of Houston since 2015 is Sylvester Turner. It is named for Sam Houston, who fought for Texas freedom in 1836. It is well known for Johnson Space Center of NASA.

Houston is known for having the largest medical center and complex in the world, the Texas Medical Center.

George Bush Intercontinental Airport is the main international airport serving Houston, and William P. Hobby Airport is the other international airport that is serving close to downtown Houston.

Houston is often called a black mecca for African Americans.[source?] Enslaved African-Americans living near Houston worked on sugar and cotton plantations. Only Atlanta, Georgia has more African Americans per square miles.

Sports

Houston has many sports teams, including the Astros, Texans, Rockets, and Houston Dynamo. The Astros play baseball, the Rockets play basketball, the Texans play American Football, and the Houston Dynamo play soccer.

Climate

Houston has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa in the Koeppen climate classification).

References




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