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The main way humans get around is by walking. The first humans walked out of Africa about 60,000 years ago. We walked across India to reach Australia. We walked across Asia to reach the Americas. We walked from the fertile crescent area to reach Europe.
Nowadays, roads often have a designated footpath attached especially for pedestrian traffic, called the sidewalk in American English and the pavement in British English. There are also footpaths not associated with a road which are used only by pedestrians, especially ramblers, hikers or hill-walkers and there are roads not associated with a footpath. These footpaths, in mountains or forests, are called trails.
Efforts are underway by pedestrian advocacy groups to make it easy to be a pedestrian in new developments, especially to counteract newer developments where 20 to 30 percent do not include sidewalks. Some activists advocate large auto-free zones where pedestrians only or pedestrians and some non-motorised vehicles are allowed.
- Early Pedestrians in North America
- US Pedestrian Advocacy Groups
- UK Pedestrian Advocacy Group
- Transportation Alternatives: Pedestrian Advocacy
- America Walks
- Street quality promotion by street parties
- Pedestrian InRoads – US Pedestrian advocacy group
- Perils For Pedestrians on YouTube
- Walkable Communities
- Donald Appleyard's Livable Streets study