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# Principality of Hutt River

 Status Principality of Hutt River Micronation Motto: Dum Spiro Spero (While I Breathe, I Hope)Anthem: It's a Hard Land by Keith Kerwin Current 28°4′28″S 114°28′14.5″E﻿ / ﻿28.07444°S 114.470694°E 75 Km2 (18,533 Acres) 30 full time residents, 13,000-18,000overseas citizens 21 April 1970 Prince Prince Ian Principality English(official language)French, Esperanto(per constitution) Hutt River Dollar, tied 1:1 with Australian Dollar Nain Caucasian, Australian Aborigines (Nunda Tribe) Hutt River citizens UTC+08:00
Map of Principality of Hutt River

The Principality of Hutt River, previously known as the Hutt River Province, is the oldest micronation in Australia. The principality claims to be an independent sovereign state. It is unrecognized except by other micronations, but got de facto legal status on 21 April 1972.

The principality is located 517 kilometres (321 mi) north of Perth, near the town of Northampton.

The principality was founded on 21 April 1970 by Leonard George Casley[1] when he and his friends proclaimed their secession from the state of Western Australia.

## History

$100 25 mm 24 carat gold Plain ### Silver Jubilee$1 coin

In 1977 \$1 coins were struck to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II. These coins are known as "holey dollars", a nickname which is applied to the extremely rare New South Wales 5/- coin and the Prince Edward Island 5/- coin, which were cut and counterstamped from Spanish-American Pieces of Eight (8 Reales).

Coins of the same design were struck again in 1978, without the inscription "Queens's Jubilee".

### Later series

Most of the coins of later series have specific commemorative topics and are usually made of precious metal. The issuance of coins went on until 2000, and resumed with new issues beginning in 2007 to celebrate the 60th wedding anniversary of the Prince and Princess.

## Status and criticism

The Australian Ambassador to the United Arab Emirates, Jeremy Bruer, upon hearing that an office claiming to represent the “Hutt River Province” was operating in Dubai and allegedly selling travel documents, stated that the Australian Government did not recognise the "Hutt River Province", legally or in any other way.[13]

He further stated that: "The area of land which is described as the 'Hutt River Province' is a privately owned wheat-growing property on the Hutt River, north of Geraldton in the State of Western Australia. It has no special status. It has no separate sovereignty and remains subject to the Australian Constitution and the laws of Australia."[13]

Regarding the use of titles, the ambassador said that: "The Australian Government does not recognise the 'royal titles' nor titles of office, such as 'Head of State', 'State minister' and 'Minister for Foreign Affairs' assumed by the family owning the property nor the use of terms such as 'consulates' and 'principality' in relation to the 'Hutt River Province'."[13]

However, the Hutt River Province argues that it is an independent entity within the Australian legal system and the Commonwealth has no right to dispute the claimed de facto legality it was given in error by the Governor General's office,[2] and its own failure to respond to the claim.[4] To overturn this de facto recognition, the West Australian Governor General's office would have to submit the secession to arbitration, something which the Hutt River Province claims is not done due to legal uncertainty related to the fact that Western Australia in its entirety was never officially proclaimed as British Territory.

Although passports issued by the "Hutt River Province" are not legally recognised by the Australian Government,[13] they have been accepted on a case-by-case basis for overseas travel.[7]

In 2010 Brendon Grylls, the Western Australian Minister for Regional Development and Lands, was asked if his state had a position on the province. He replied "Only that Prince Leonard is an enigma...There is nothing currently on my agenda as Minister...that relates to that."[8]

### Treatment by Australian Government departments

On the whole, Australian Government departments do not interfere with Hutt River Province. While the Australian Taxation Office has issued a warning on its website for the public not to purchase companies from the PHR, it has not acted against the principality.[14] The principality had plans to start a university in its territory, which is illegal within Australia. However, the government authorities did not act against PHR.[15] Similarly, the PHR does not pay taxes to the ATO.[16]

### Treatment by European Government departments

In 2008, the Council of the European Union issued a memorandum identifying Hutt River passports among known "fantasy passports...issued by private organisations and individuals" to which a visa should not be affixed.[17]

## References

1. Hutt River Independent - the issue is dated "April 2005", but the website was last updated in May 2004 and this article seems to come from 2003.
2. "Secession Success". The Advertiser. 8 June 2008.
3. At this stage it was thence considered that only two alternatives existed. We could sit as we were and proceed to sue Her Majesty in her Courts under the claim which we had lodged. However, firstly you needed her permission to sue her, and we might never get such permission, if we did in time get such permission, then we might not have any lands. This then was not very satisfactory. The other alternative was to exercise the International Law Entitlement to form a Self Preservation Government by seceding. The entitlements were:
a) The Economy has been taken.
b) A threat to the loss of the lands existed.
These both existed, and in both cases we had simply been asking the Government to abide by their own Laws. If one believes that a person of a Government department has done something wrong to you, all one can do, is sue that person, but in our case there was no Government person to sue, when both matters were being dealt with between the Sovereign Queen and myself. Thus, our matters were taken out of Common Law and put into a higher Category of Law, which exists, but cannot normally be used. Therefore the decision to exercise this entitlement and to secede was taken on 21 April 1970.
–Leornard Casley
4. Ryan, John (2006). Micronations. Lonely Planet. .
5. "Offshore Financial And Legal Consultant". The Offshore Yellow Pages. A directory of Tax Havens.. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
6. Brendan Hutchens (16 April 2003). "Prince Leonard". George Negus Tonight : people : Transcripts :. ABC. Retrieved 28 July 2007. "took the title 'Prince', his wife became Princess Shirley, and together they turned their principality into a tourist destination."
7. The Mouse that Roared ABC News 18 April 2010
8. "Exhibitions: Eternity - Separation". NMA Homepage. National Museum of Australia. Retrieved 13 May 2007. "In a further application of bush law he changed the province to a principality and declared himself Prince Leonard and his wife Princess Shirley. He had successfully seceded from Australia."
9. "Australian Government Does Not Recognise The Hutt River Province". Australian Embassy, United Arab Emirates. Retrieved 22 May 2009.
10. "Would you want a degree from this man?" Andrea Mayes, 25 May 2008, Sunday Times p 19
11. Now Leonard wants a uni. By Karen Valenti, 17 February 2003, Gold Coast Bulletin p 15
12. http://www.udiregelverk.no/~/media/Images/Rettskilder/Schengen%20rettskilder/Table%20of%20travel%20documents/St16225%20En08_Part%20V_01%2012%202008.ashx
• "Mini-states Down Under are sure they can secede", by Nick Squires, The Daily Telegraph (UK), 24 February 2005.
• "If at first you don't secede…", by Mark Dapin, The Sydney Morning Herald – Good Weekend, 12 February 2005, pp 47–50
• "Unusual World Coins", by Colin R Bruce, Krause Publications, 2005,

Template-specific style sheet:

ISBN 978-0-87349-793-0, p240

## Other websites

PHR

Australian Government

Other