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Rhythm and blues
|Rhythm and Blues (R&B)|
|Stylistic origins||Jazz • Blues • Jump blues • Gospel • Traditional pop • Electric blues|
|Cultural origins||1940s; United States|
|Typical instruments||Drum kit • Double bass • Saxophone • Horns • Piano - Organ • Electric guitar • Vocals • Background vocalists|
|Mainstream popularity||Significant from 1940s to 1960s; iconic afterwards|
|Derivative forms||Soul • Funk • Doo-wop • Hip hop • Ska • Rocksteady • Reggae • Rock and roll • Electro • Post-disco • Urban • Hard bop|
|Contemporary R&B • Smooth R&B • Slow jam • Neo soul • Hip hop soul|
|Juke Joint blues • R&B punk • rockabilly|
|New Orleans R&B|
|List of R&B musicians|
Rhythm and blues (also known as R&B or RnB) is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences, first performed by African American artists. It is now performed worldwide by people of many cultures and ethnic groups.
During the 1980s, James Brown and Sly & the Family Stone had used parts of psychedelic rock and other styles in their music. Funk became a big part of disco music. In the early 1980s, funk and soul had become sultry and more sexual with the work of Prince and others. The modern style of contemporary R&B came to be a major part of American popular music.
It is sometimes called "urban contemporary" or "urban pop".
R&B in the 2000s
By the 2000s, the only big difference between a record being a hip hop record or an R&B record is whether its vocals are rapped or sung. R&B started to focus more on solo artists than groups. By 2005, the most famous R&B artists include Usher, Beyoncé (formerly of Destiny's Child), Ashanti, and Mariah Carey.