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Richard II of England

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Richard II
King of England; Lord of Ireland

Portrait at Westminster Abbey, mid-1390s
Reign 22 June 1377 – 29 September 1399 (22 years)
Coronation 16 July 1377
Predecessor Edward III "of Windsor"
Successor Henry IV "Bolingbroke"
Regent John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (de facto)
Spouse Anne of Bohemia (1382–1394)
Isabella of Valois (1396–1400)
House House of Plantagenet
Father Edward, Prince of Wales "The Black Prince"
Mother Joan of Kent
Born 6 January 1367(1367-01-06)
Bordeaux, Principality of Aquitaine
Died 14 February 1400(1400-02-14) (aged 33)
Pontefract Castle, West Yorkshire
Burial Westminster Abbey, London
Richard II of England

Richard II (6 January 1367–14 February 1400) was the son of Edward, the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, and Joan of Kent, "The Fair Maid of Kent". He was born in Bordeaux, and became his father's successor when his elder brother died in infancy. His father died before him, so he became king in 1377. His uncle John of Gaunt, the Duke of Lancaster became regent until Richard II could rule. Near the end of his reign, Richard became a tyrant. He was deposed by Henry of Bolingbroke, John of Gaunt's son with Blanch of Lancaster, taken prisoner and later died in captivity.

Richard abdicated (resigned) in 1399.[1] He died the next year.


  1. "Abdication," Encyclopædia Britannica (1911); retrieved 2011-12-18.