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Map of Japan with the island of Shikoku highlighted in brown

Shikoku (四国) is one of Japan's four main islands.[1] It is the smallest island.

The island lies southeast of Honshu[2] and northwest of Kyūshū across the Kanmon Strait.

Farming is a very important business in Shikoku. Citrus fruits are an important product. Shikoku is the home of the 88 Temple Pilgrimage of the Shingon sect of Buddhism.

Regions

Shikoku region covers the entire island.[3]

The name Shikoku literally means "four countries" in Japanese. Shikoku was made of four old "countries" or provinces that are now prefectures. In other words, each prefecture has a modern name and an old provincial name. The old names are still used sometimes, especially for foods, music, or art.

Cities

Points of interest

Castles

There are twelve original castles left in Japan and Shikoku is home to four of them.

  • Marugame Castle, Marugame
  • Kōchi Castle, Kochi
  • Matsuyama Castle
  • Uwajima Castle, Uwajima.

Temples and Shrines

The 88 Temple Pilgrimage is a famous but difficult 1,647-kilometer circle around the entire island. Serious pilgrims may choose to complete the 88 Temple Circuit on foot. Other people uses buses.

Related pages

References

  1. Library of Congress Country Studies, Japan (LOC),"Geography"; retrieved 2012-2-13.
  2. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Shikoku" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 857.
  3. LOC, "Shikoku"; retrieved 2012-2-13.
  4. Nussbaum, "Ehime" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 170; Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), Ehime Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  5. Nussbaum, "Kagawa prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 446; JETRO, Kagawa Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  6. Nussbaum, "Kōchi prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 538; JETRO, Kōchi Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  7. Nussbaum, "Tokushima prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 980; JETRO, Tokushima Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.

Other websites

Media related to Shikoku at Wikimedia Commons