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Native name: 九州
Terra Kyushu 20091028.jpg
Satellite picture of Kyushu
LocationEast Asia
ArchipelagoJapanese Archipelago
Area36,782 km2 (14,202 sq mi) (37th)
Elevation1,791 m (5,876 ft)
Highest pointMount Kujū[1]
PrefecturesTemplate:Country data Fukuoka
Template:Country data Kagoshima
Template:Country data Kumamoto
Template:Country data Miyazaki
Template:Country data Nagasaki
Template:Country data Oita
 Okinawa Prefecture
Template:Country data Saga
Largest cityFukuoka
Population12,970,479 (2016)
Density307.13/km2 (795.5/sq mi)
Ethnic groupsJapanese

Kyushu (九州 Kyūshū?, literally "Nine Provinces"; Japanese: [kʲɯːꜜɕɯː]) is one of Japan's four main islands.[2] It is the most southern of the main islands.

Kyūshū is the third largest island of Japan.[3]


Kyūshū region is made up of the entire island.[4]

The name Kyūshū literally means "nine countries" in Japanese. Kyūshū was made of nine old "countries" or provinces that are now prefectures. In other words, each prefecture has a modern name and sometimes more than one old provincial name. The old names are still used sometimes, especially for foods, music, or art.

The original nine provinces in Kyushu were Chikuzen, Chikugo, Hizen, Higo, Buzen, Bungo, Hyūga, Ōsumi, and Satsuma.

Today, Kyushu is made up of seven prefectures.

Parts of Kyūshū have a warm climate, like the Miyazaki and Kagoshima regions. Major crops grown there are rice, tea, tobacco, sweet potatoes, and soy; silk is also made. The island is known for many types of porcelain like Arita, Imari, Satsuma and Karatsu.

Under the Gokishichidō system, the island of Kyūshū was a part of the region known as Saikaidō. It was a part of this region from the 7th century until the middle of the 1800s. Around 1905, it was made into its own region. In the modern system, Kyūshū and the small islands around it are a part of the Kyūshū region.

Related pages


  1. "Kujū-san, Japan". 
  2. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kyūshū" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 588 at Google Books
  3. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Kyushu" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 588-589.
  4. LOC, "Kyushu"; retrieved 2012-2-13.
  5. Nussbaum, "Fukuoka-ken" at p. 218; Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), Fukuoka Prefecture, Regional Information Archived 2012-12-31 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  6. Nussbaum, "Kagoshima prefecture" at p. 447; JETRO, Kagoshima Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  7. Nussbaum, "Kumamoto prefecture" at p. 572; JETRO, Kumamoto Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  8. Nussbaum, "Miyazaki prefecture" at p. 651; JETRO, Miyaszaki Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  9. Nussbaum, "Nagasaki prefecture" at p. 683; JETRO, Nagasaki Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  10. Nussbaum, "Ōita-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 742; JETRO, Oita Prefecture, Regional Information[dead link]; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  11. Nussbaum, "Saga prefecture" at p. 804; JETRO, Saga Prefecture, Regional Information; retrieved 2012-4-6.

Other websites

Media related to Kyushu at Wikimedia Commons