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Shuchō (朱鳥), also romanized as Suchō or Akamitori, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") which lsated only a few months—from June through September 686. The reigning monarchs were Temmu-tennō (天武天皇) and Jitō-tennō (持統天皇).
- In 686, Shuchō gannen (朱鳥元年) was created by Emperor Temmu, but the nengō survived for only a few months after Temmu's death. The era ended when Empress Jitō was confirmed as Temmu's successor.
|Timelines of early Japanese nengō and Imperial reign dates|
ImageSize = width:600 height:200 PlotArea = width:460 height:109 left:80 bottom:71 AlignBars = justify
id:nengo value:rgb(0.85,0.85,1) legend:Nengō id:reign value:rgb(0.95,0.95,0) legend:Reigns id:black value:black id:canvas value:gray(0.98)
BackgroundColors = canvas:canvas
Period = from:644 till:708 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:10 start:645 ScaleMinor = unit:year increment:1 start:645
bar:nengo text: bar:reign text:
align:center textcolor:black fontsize:S mark:(line,black) width:25 shift:(0,-5)
bar:nengo color:nengo from:645.8 till:650.2 text:"Taika" shift:(1,3) from:650.2 till:654.12 text:"Hakuchi" shift:(11,0)
from:686.6 till:686.9 text:Shuchō
bar:reign color:reign from:645 till:654 text:Kōtoku from:654 till:661 text:Saimei from:661 till:671 text:Tenji from:671 till:672 text:Kōbun from:672 till:686 text:Temmu from:686 till:697 text:Jitō from:697 till:707 text:Mommu
The system of Japanese era names was not the same as Imperial reign dates.
Events of the Shuchō era
- 686 (Shuchō 1, 9th day of the 9th month): Emperor Temmu died.
- 686 (Shuchō 1): Ōtsu no Ōji, also known as Ōtsu no shinnō, tried and failed to make himself emperor after Temmu's death.
- 686: The succession (senso) was received by Mommu's widow. Soon after, Empress Jitō's role as monarch was confirmed in ceremonies (sokui).
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shuchō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 889.
- Nussbaum, "Temmu Tennō," p. 957.
- Nussbaum, "Jitō Tennō," p. 426; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 58-59.
- Titsingh, p. 59; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 天武天皇 (40); retrieved 2012-5-22.
- Nussbaum, "Ōtsu no Ōji," p. 766; Titsingh, p. 59-60.
- Titsingh, p. 59; Varley, pp. 44, 137–138; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fishimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-13.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
|Era or nengō: