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|Years active||1971 – present|
Tjunkaya Tapaya (born 1947) is an Aboriginal Australian artist. She is most recognised for her batik work, and is one of the most well-known batik artists in Australia. Her works also include acrylic paintings, weaving, ceramics, wood carving and printmaking. Most of Tapaya's paintings depict places and events from her family's dreaming stories. Her batik work is of the classic Ernabella style, which eschews the Indonesian use of repeated block printed designs in favour of hand-drawn freehand designs or "walka". These "walka" are pure design and do not refer to, or contain reference to, dreamings or "tjukurpa".
Tjunkaya is a member of the Pitjantjatjara people. She was born in the desert in the far northwest of South Australia. Her mother had walked from Walytjitjata, in the Northern Territory, and arrived at Ernabella Mission at Pukatja or Ernabella shortly after Tjunkaya's birth. Ernabella was run by missionaries at the time, and Tjunkaya grew up there. The craft room at Ernabella Mission was established in 1948 and nurtured the artistic talents of Tjunkaya and other children and adults living on the Mission. The craft room taught spinning and weaving originally but later added batik and painting to its activities, and later still became a professionally run Aboriginal-owned incorporated arts enterprise known as Ernabella Arts after the Mission was closed and the land returned to its traditional Pitjantjatjara owners.
Like most early artists in her community, Tjunkaya's original style came from milpatjunanyi – an ancient Western Desert practice of drawing in the sand to tell stories to children. This is the basis of the classic Ernabella "walka".
Ernabella women began to be taught batik making in 1971. In 1974, Ernabella Arts sent Tjunkaya to Yogyakarta with several other Pitjantjatjara women to learn more about making batik from Indonesian artists.
Tjunkaya's work has been shown in several exhibitions in Australia, Europe, North America and Southeast Asia. Tapaya has work in the National Gallery of Victoria, the State Library of South Australia, the Queensland Gallery of Modern Art, the National Gallery of Australia, the National Museum of Australia, and the British Museum.
- Caruana, Wally; Cubillo, Franchesca, ed. (2010), "Tapaya, Tjunkaya", Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Art: collection highlights (National Gallery of Australia), http://artsearch.nga.gov.au/Detail.cfm?IRN=153007, retrieved 2 November 2012
- Nicholls, Christine (November�December 2009). "In Praise Of Collective Memory: Making Tracks exhibition at Adelaide's Tandanya National Cultural Institute". AsianArtNew 19 (6): 66.
- Eagle, Mary (1990). 1990 Adelaide Biennial of Australian Art. Art Gallery Board of South Australia. p. 76. .
- "Details of Tjunkaya Tapaya". Short Street Gallery. http://www.shortstgallery.com.au/artist/23151/tjunkaya-tapaya.html. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Raiki wara". National Gallery of Victoria. http://www.ngv.vic.gov.au/col/work/85918. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Carpet batiks". State Library of South Australia. http://www.samemory.sa.gov.au/site/page.cfm?u=961&c=7536. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Works by Tjunkaya Tapaya". Collection Online. Queensland Gallery of Modern Art. http://collection.qagoma.qld.gov.au/qag/imu.php?request=display&port=45000&id=5e26&flag=start&offset=0&count=20&view=list&PublishOnIMuInternet=Y&CreCreatorLocal_tab=TAPAYA,%20Tjunkaya. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
- "Works by Tjunkaya Tapaya". NMA Collections. National Museum of Australia. http://www.nma.gov.au/collections-search/results?search=adv&propertab=Tapaya%2C+Tjunkaya#ce=Artist. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
- "Jug". The British Museum. http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/search_the_collection_database/search_object_details.aspx?objectId=3360078&partId=1. Retrieved 15 January 2013.