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Troyes

Coat of arms of Troyes
Administration
Country France
Region Champagne-Ardenne
Department Aube
Arrondissement Troyes
Intercommunality Troyes
Mayor François Baroin (UMP)
(2008–2014)
Statistics
Elevation 118 m (387 ft) avg.
Land area1 13.20 km2 (5.10 sq mi)
Population2 61,544  (2008)
 - Density 4,662/km2 (12,070/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 10387/ 10000
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Troyes is a commune of France. It is the capital city of the Aube department in north-central France.[1] It is on the Seine river about 150 km (93 mi) southeast of Paris.[2] It was briefly the capital of France in the early 15th century.[3]

The name troy weight for gold derives from the standard of measurement which developed in Troyes.[4]

History

Troyes has existed since Roman times. It was the capital of the Counts of Champagne.[5]

The first Lord of Troyes was Gwain de Nantouillet in 884.

In 1417, the Duke of Burgandy and Isabeau of Bavaria, wife of Charles VI of France, planned to establish the capital of France at Troyes. This included a court, council, and parliament with comptroller's offices.[6]

In 1419-1425, during the Hundred Years' War, Troyes was the center of the royal government.[3]

Timeline

Related pages

References

  1. Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopedia Britannica Company. p. 888. https://books.google.com/?id=49uUqs-3skgC&pg=PA888. 
  2. Vaughan, L. Brent (1897). The Junior Encyclopedia Britannica: A Reference Library of General Knowledge. E. G. Melvin & Company. p. 591. https://books.google.com/?id=zlAPAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA591. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Chisholm, Hugh (1911). The Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. [Cambridge] University Press. p. 320. https://books.google.com/?id=bi8EAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA320. 
  4. Perkins, George Roberts (1852). The Practical Arithmetic: Designed for Such Institutions as Require a Greater Number of Examples Than are Given in the Elementary Arithmetic. D. Appleton. p. 111. https://books.google.com/?id=DupHAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA111. 
  5. Americanized Encyclopedia Britannica, Revised and Amended: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature; to which is Added Biographies of Livings Subjects.. The "Examiner". 1890. p. 5930. https://books.google.com/?id=RD4hAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA5930. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Troyes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-29.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Kane, Tina (2010). The Troyes Memoire: The Making of a Medieval Tapestry. Boydell. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-84383-570-7 . https://books.google.com/?id=_m38I2dQWlUC&pg=PA53. 
  8. Hill, David Jayne (1906). A History of Diplomacy in the International Development of Europe. Longmans, Green, and Company. p. 69. https://books.google.com/?id=XXtJAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA69. 

Other websites

  "Troyes". Catholic Encyclopedia. (1913). New York: Robert Appleton Company.