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# University of Minnesota

University of Minnesota
MottoCommune vinculum omnibus artibus (Latin)
Motto in EnglishA common bond for all the arts
Established1851[1]
TypePublic
Flagship university
Land grant
Space grant
Endowment$3.2 billion (2016)[2] Budget$3.8 billion (2017)[3]
PresidentJoan T.A. Gabel
ProvostKaren Hanson
Students51,848[5]
Doctoral students3,508[5]
Location, Minnesota, United States
44°58′29″N 93°14′07″W﻿ / ﻿44.974747°N 93.235353°W
CampusUrban
2,730 acres (1,100 ha)
ColorsMaroon and Gold[6]

MascotGoldy Gopher
Websitewww.umn.edu
University of Minnesota wordmark.png

The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (U of M or The U) is a public university. Most of the buildings are in Minneapolis, and some more buildings are about 3 miles (4.8 km) away near Saint Paul. These two parts are called the Twin Cities campus, and together they are the oldest and largest part of the University of Minnesota system. The Twin Cities campus is the flagship of the system.

The University of Minnesota is one of the Public Ivy universities in America, which is like saying they can give people an experience in college similar to the Ivy League. The University of Minnesota was started in 1851, and they are now in the Association of American Universities.

There are lots of students and teachers at the University of Minnesota. Some of them have won Nobel Prizes[7] and Pulitzer Prizes.[8] Some famous people who went to the University of Minnesota are Hubert Humphrey, Walter Mondale, and Bob Dylan. The nickname of the University of Minnesota is the Golden Gophers.

## Areas of Study

### Structure

The University of Minnesota is structured into different units that study specific things. There are 19 units:[9]

• Center for Allied Health Programs
• College of Biological Sciences
• College of Continuing and Professional Studies
• School of Dentistry
• College of Design
• College of Education and Human Development
• Extension
• College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences
• Law School
• College of Liberal Arts
• Carlson School of Management
• Medical School
• School of Nursing
• College of Pharmacy
• Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs
• School of Public Health
• College of Science and Engineering
• College of Veterinary Medicine

The University of Minnesota also has some smaller parts made up of people from across the units working together:[10]

• Center for Cognitive Sciences
• Consortium on Law and Values in Health, Environment, and the Life Sciences
• Institute for Advanced Study at University of Minnesota
• Institute for Translational Neuroscience
• Institute on the Environment
• Minnesota Population Center
ARWU World[11] 33
ARWU National[12] 24
THES World[13] 53
USNWR National University[14] 69
Washington Monthly National University[15] 53
Forbes[16] 119

#### Discoveries

• Gravity waves — the University of Minnesota has led studies to learn about gravity — the force that moves us toward the center of the earth — and how gravity moves like a wave. People who study gravity shared this discovery in February 2016.[17]
• Gopher — the University of Minnesota made a tool called Gopher,[18] which came before the World Wide Web. It used links to connect computers together. People liked the World Wide Web better though, because it was easier to share with people, and it worked with more stuff than just text.[19] The University of Minnesota keeps the Charles Babbage Institute, a place that stores important examples of computer history. They started early with Seymour Cray who made powerful computers.

## Campuses

### Kinds of People

The campus is made up of more than 50,000 people, so the University of Minnesota is the sixth largest in the United States. There are many kinds of people that are part of the University of Minnesota, from a lot of different places and groups.[5]

As of Fall 2017, there are 31,535 people who are studying for an undergraduate degree — that is, a level of learning that someone can get after high school.[5] Of that number, 5,858 are new to the University of Minnesota trying to get a degree for the first time.[5] There are also 12,614 people trying to get a degree that's even higher than an undergraduate degree, like becoming a doctor.[5]

### Minneapolis Campus

The campus started near the Saint Anthony Falls on the Mississippi River, but people moved about 1 mile (1.6 km) over to the place it is today. The old site is now a small park. They closed during the American Civil War, but they opened again in 1867 when John S. Pillsbury gave some money. They were bigger by 1869, so they stopped being called preparatory school and started being called a college instead. Today there are so many buildings, there are some on both sides of the Mississippi River. The part with buildings on the east side of the river is called the "East Bank", and the part with buildings on the west side of the river is called the "West Bank".

#### East Bank

The University of Minnesota has many buildings on the east side of the Mississippi River. To help people find their way around, these buildings are divided into several areas: the Knoll area, the Mall area, the Health area, the Athletic area, and the Gateway area.

The Knoll area is the oldest part of the University of Minnesota, and it's in the northwestern corner.[20] Some buildings in this area are over 100 years old.

The Mall area, or Northrop Mall is in the middle. It was based on a drawing by Cass Gilbert, but that drawing was too hard to follow.[21] There are many buildings in the Mall area that are important.

The Health area is in the southeast corner. Some buildings are part of a hospital. There's also some buildings where students live, which called a residence hall.

The Athletic area is near the health area. Some buildings are for students who want to stay healthy to use like a gymnasium. There are also stadiums and arenas for people in sports to use in student athletics.

The Gateway area is on the east side. Most of these buildings are for offices, but there are also some buildings for people who are learning about medicine and living things.

#### West Bank

The University of Minnesota has some buildings on the west side of the Mississippi River. Some are for people to learn about theatre, dance, music, and art. There's also a big library and some buildings for people to learn about social science.

### Saint Paul Campus

The place people call the Saint Paul Campus is not in Saint Paul. It's in a city called Falcon Heights, about 3 miles (4.8 km) away from the Minneapolis campus. Most of the buildings are for people to about farming and natural resources. There are also fields and quiet spots. The Saint Paul Campus is next to the Minnesota State Fairgrounds, where Minnesota has a big party every year.

## Student Life

### Clubs

Many students at the University of Minnesota are part of clubs. Some clubs are fraternities and sororities— that is, a group of students who have things in common and are close together. There are also clubs for people who are studying the same thing, or for people who want to help like a charity.

### Media

#### Print

The Minnesota Daily is a newspaper made all by students. It was first made on May 1, 1900. It gets made twice a week, except in the summer when it's made once a week.

There's another newspaper called The Wake Student Magazine, made all by students. It was first made in November, 2001.

### Athletics

Minnesota's sports teams mostly play in the Big Ten Conference. The women's ice hockey team plays in the Western Collegiate Hockey Association (WCHA); the men's ice hockey team also played in the WCHA until 2013, when the Big Ten began a men's ice hockey league.

## References

1. "Board of Regents Policy". University of Minnesota. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
2. As of June 30, 2016. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year (FY) 2016 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2015 to FY 2016". National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute. 2017.
3. For Minnesota State Fiscal Year 2017 "University of Minnesota Budget". University of Minnesota. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
4. "University of Minnesota: Employee Head Count". University of Minnesota Office of Institutional Research.
5. tarab005 (2017-02-22) (in en). Official Enrollment Statistics. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
6. "Our Brand: How to Convey It". University of Minnesota. Retrieved December 28, 2016.
7. wiringa (2015-04-29) (in en). Academics. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
8. Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
9. Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2008). "Top 100 North & Latin American Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
10. The Times (2008). "World University Rankings". The Times Higher Educational Supplement. Retrieved 2008-12-31.
11. "National Universities Rankings". America's Best Colleges 2009. U.S. News & World Report. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
12. "The Washington Monthly National University Rankings" (PDF). The Washington Monthly. 2007. Retrieved 2008-12-31.
13. "America's Best Colleges". Forbes. 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-31.
14. (in en-us) The Web may have won, but Gopher tunnels on. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
15. (in en-GB) Web in infancy, says Berners-Lee. 2008-04-30. Retrieved 2018-02-20.
16. 1947-, Millett, Larry, (2007). AIA guide to the Twin Cities : the essential source on the architecture of Minneapolis and St. Paul. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press. . .