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30 Rockefeller Plaza



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30 Rockefeller Plaza
General information
LocationNew York City
CountryUnited States
Completed1933
Height
Antenna spire850 feet (260 m)
Technical details
Floor count69
30 Rockefeller Center
(GE Building /
Comcast Building)
Area:22 acres (8.8 ha)
Architect:Raymond Hood
Architectural style:Modern, Art Deco
Part of:Rockefeller Center (#87002591)
Significant dates
Added to NRHP:December 23, 1987[1]
Designated CP:December 23, 1987[2]

30 Rockefeller Plaza is a skyscraper at Rockefeller Center in Manhattan, New York City, United States. It was known in the past as the RCA Building, the GE Building, and the Comcast Building. 30 Rockefeller Plaza is 850 feet (260 m) tall and has 69 floors. It was built in 1933 and was one of the tallest buildings in the world when it opened.

History

Raymond Hood, the architect, made the plans for Rockefeller Center. He talked with the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) to make a large place for mass media. RCA owned the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) and Radio-Keith-Orpheum (RKO) companies.[3][4] The first plan for 30 Rockefeller Plaza was made in March 1930.[5] By May 1930, RCA, NBC, and RKO said they would move to 30 Rockefeller Center.[6] The last plan for the building was done in March 1931.[7][8]

Workers started making the building in March 1932.[9] 30 Rockefeller Plaza opened in May 1933.[10] It was the first building at Rockefeller Center to be opened. It was one of the tallest buildings in the world.

Companies

NBC was one of the first companies in 30 Rockefeller Plaza. It had 35 television studios in the building.[11][12][13] People could go on tours of the NBC Studios every day.[14] The biggest studio was Studio 8H, which could have 1,400 people inside it.[15]

The Standard Oil Company moved into 30 Rockefeller Plaza in 1934.[16] The New York Museum of Science and Industry moved to the bottom floors because other companies did not want to move there.[17] Westinghouse Electric Corporation was on the 14th through 17th floors.[18] The Rockefeller family also moved into a lot of the floors in the building.[18] The family had an office called Room 5600 on the 56th floor.[19][20] Room 5600 became bigger after World War II.[21] The family went to another building in 2014.[22]

People wanted to use the roof of the building for entertainment.[23] The 67th, 69th, and 70th floors have places where people can look at the city from high above. The highest one is the "Top of the Rock" Observation deck. These places were opened in July 1933[24] and many people went there.[25] A restaurant called the Rainbow Room is on the 65th floor.[26] The Rainbow Room opened on October 3, 1934.[27]

Building design

30 Rockefeller Plaza is 872 feet (266 m) tall. 30 Rockefeller Plaza was built to be only one structure that takes up all of the space in the block between Sixth Avenue and Rockefeller Plaza.[28]

30 Rockefeller Plaza's architecture has a limestone facade and Gothic-like four-leafed spandrels.[29][30] This affected the design of the rest of the complex (a group of related buildings).[31]

Photo gallery

Related pages

References

  1. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html. 
  2. "Rockefeller Center". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. September 18, 2007. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=2027&ResourceType=Building. 
  3. Krinsky 1978, p. 50.
  4. Adams 1985, p. 29.
  5. (in en-US) Rockefeller Begins Work in the Fall on 5th Av. Radio City. June 17, 1930. ISSN 0362-4331 . https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1930/06/17/96157691.pdf. Retrieved November 10, 2017. 
  6. Okrent 2003, p. 142.
  7. Krinsky 1978, p. 57.
  8. (in en-US) Radio City to Create a New Architecture; Model and Ground Plan of the Radio City.. March 6, 1931. ISSN 0362-4331 . https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1931/03/06/102217888.pdf. Retrieved November 11, 2017. 
  9. First Steel Column Erected in 70-Story Rockefeller Unit. March 8, 1932. p. 43. ISSN 0362-4331 . https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1932/03/08/issue.html. Retrieved November 15, 2017. 
  10. Balfour 1978, p. 185.
  11. Adams 1985, p. 59.
  12. Okrent 2003, p. 363.
  13. Sterling, C.H.; O'Dell, C. (2010). The Concise Encyclopedia of American Radio. Taylor & Francis. p. 639. ISBN 978-1-135-17684-6 . https://books.google.com/books?id=dmmLAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA639. Retrieved December 5, 2017. 
  14. Okrent 2003, p. 365.
  15. Okrent 2003, pp. 363–364.
  16. Oil Institute to Move; American Petroleum Leases Quarters in the RCA Building.. January 26, 1934. ISSN 0362-4331 . https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1934/01/26/94486419.pdf. Retrieved November 16, 2017. 
  17. Krinsky 1978, p. 90.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Okrent 2003, p. 257.
  19. Okrent 2003, p. 259.
  20. Philanthropies Rent RCA Building Space; Three Organizations Supported by Rockefeller Will Move Headquarters on May 1.. March 27, 1933. ISSN 0362-4331 . https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1933/03/27/99301679.pdf. Retrieved November 16, 2017. 
  21. Okrent 2003, p. 386.
  22. Roberts, Sam (November 24, 2014). "Why Are Rockefellers Moving From 30 Rock? 'We Got a Deal'". ISSN 0362-4331 . https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/2014/11/24/nyregion/why-are-rockefellers-moving-from-30-rock-we-got-a-deal.html. 
  23. Play Spot Planned Atop Rca Building; Rockefeller Center Considering Public Dining and Dancing Rooms on Upper Stories.. May 24, 1933. ISSN 0362-4331 . https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1933/05/24/105136861.pdf. Retrieved December 7, 2017. 
  24. R.C.A. Observatory Opened to Public; Many View New Panorama of City and Environs From Rockefeller Center Unit.. July 19, 1933. ISSN 0362-4331 . https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1933/07/19/105401240.pdf. Retrieved December 5, 2017. 
  25. Okrent 2003, p. 254.
  26. Night Club to Open Atop Rca Building; Stately 2-Story Dining Room, 65 Floors Up, Will Be Ready for Use in October.. August 22, 1934. ISSN 0362-4331 . https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1934/08/22/93638931.pdf. Retrieved December 7, 2017. 
  27. Postal, Matthew A. (October 16, 2012). "Designation List No. 461: LP-2505: Rainbow Room". New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. p. 8. http://www.nyc.gov/html/lpc/downloads/pdf/reports/2505.pdf. 
  28. Krinsky 1978, p. 4.
  29. Krinsky 1978, p. 138.
  30. Karp & Gill 1982, p. 62.
  31. Adams 1985, p. 61.

Books

      . https://archive.org/details/rockefellercente0000balf. 
      . https://books.google.com/books?id=7xlDAQAAIAAJ. 
      . https://books.google.com/books?id=lO9OAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
      . https://archive.org/details/guidetoartofr00chri. 

Other websites