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Art Deco is a style of decorative art, design and architecture of the 1920s and 1930s in Europe, the United States and other countries. It was named after an international exhibition held in Paris in 1925, but there are some examples dating back to before the First World War. Art Deco followed another design style, Art Nouveau, which was influenced by organic plant-like forms.
Art Deco was one of the first styles of modern architecture. It was influenced by different styles and movements of the early 20th century, Neoclassical, Constructivism, Cubism, Modernism, and Futurism. Later Art Deco of the mid to late 1930s is also sometimes called Streamline Moderne.
One idea behind art deco architecture was to apparently streamline buildings the same way you would streamline a car for aerodynamics. The style was much more common in commercial buildings than in houses; many banks, schools, and libraries were built in this style. Most of the public buildings built by the Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression are in the Art Deco style.
Famous Art Deco buildings include the Chrysler Building in New York City and the Chicago Board of Trade Building in Chicago. Another is Bullock's Wilshire in Los Angeles. Many art deco buildings have elaborate terra cotta or murals inside them. The towers of the Golden Gate Bridge have an art deco design.
Packard sedan, 1941
U.S. postage stamp commemorating the 1939 New York World's Fair
Disused Snowdon Theatre, Montreal
Union Terminal in Cincinnati, Ohio, 1933
Niagara Mohawk Building, Syracuse, New York
- Wilson, Simon; Lack, Jessica (2008). The Tate Guide to Modern Art Terms. Tate. p. 24. .
- Texier, Simon (2012). Paris, panorama de l'architecture de l'antiquite a nos jours. p. 128. .
- Hillier, Bevis (1968). Art Deco: of the 20s and 30s. Studio Vista. p. 12. .
- "Mumbai’s latest endangered species: its art deco heritage". Urban architecture.in. January 4, 2009. http://urbanarchitecture.in/mumbais-latest-endangered-species-its-art-deco-heritage.html. Retrieved August 15, 2009.