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Artificial island

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In the Japanese port of Nagasaki, the artificial island of Dejima in the 17th century

An artificial island or man-made island is a constructed by people. The island was not formed by nature. Artificial islands may vary in size.


The creation of artificial islands has a long history, including

Largest artificial islands

# Name Size (km²) Country or Emirate Utilisation
1 Flevopolder 970 Netherlands towns, agriculture
2 Yas Island 25 Abu Dhabi Yas Marina Circuit
3 Palm Jebel Ali 8 Dubai
4 Chūbu Centrair International Airport 6.8 Japan Airport
5 Palm Jumeirah [3] 6.5[3] Dubai housing
6 Kansai International Airport 4 Japan Airport

Political status

Under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea treaty (UNCLOS), artificial islands are not considered harbor works (Article 11). Such islands are part of the nearest coastal state if the island is within 200 nautical miles (370 km) (Article 56).[4]

Artificial islands are not considered islands for purposes of having their own territorial waters or Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).[5]


Related pages


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Deshima (Dejima)" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 152.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kansai International Airport" at p. 477.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2, Palm Jumeirah; retrieved 2012-6-10.
  4. UNCLOS and Agreement on Part XI - Preamble and frame index
  5. EEZ is an English acronym. EEZ stands for "Exclusive Economic Zone".

Other websites

Media related to Artificial islands at Wikimedia Commons