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Rodez cathedrale.JPG
Flag of AveyronCoat of arms
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Location of Aveyron in France
Location of Aveyron in France
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Département4 March 1790
SubprefecturesMillau, Villefranche-de-Rouergue
 • PresidentJean-Claude Luche
 • Total8,735.1 km2 (3,372.6 sq mi)
 • Total278,644
 • Rank78th
 • Density31.89935/km2 (82.6189/sq mi)
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Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
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ISO 3166 codeFR-12

Aveyron (Occitan: AvaironLua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found.) is a French department found in the northeast of the Occitanie region of southern France and named after the Aveyron river. Its prefecture is Rodez.


Aveyron is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created with most of the territory of the old province of Rouergue; in fact, the present flag of the department was the flag of Rouergue.

The first known historical inhabitants of the region were the Rutenii tribe but, before them, the area was inhabited by people that built many prehistoric ruins including over 1,000 dolmens - more than any other department in France.

In 1808, the old canton of Saint-Antonin-Noble-Val was transferred from Aveyron to the new department of Tarn-et-Garonne.[4][5]


Menhir La Dame de Saint-Sernin

Aveyron is part of the Occitanie region, in southern France, and is the 6th French department in area with 8,735.1 km2 (3,373 sq mi).[2]

The department borders with 7 other departments:[5]

Aveyron is in the southern half of the central plateau (Massif Central) of France. The mountainous areas (the Aubrac mountains, Palanges Levezou and Lacaune) cover little more than a third of the territory, with the highest point in Signal de Mailhe-Biau (the northwest peak,

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42°40′17″N 03°04′19″E / 42.67139°N 3.07194°E / 42.67139; 3.07194 (Signal de Mailhe-Biau)) that is 1,463 m (4,800 ft) high[6] and is in the region called Cazalets; the remaining two thirds are occupied by hills and plateaus (Ségala, Viadène, Lagast and Grands Causses), with a few valleys.

The territory is crossed, among others, by the rivers Lot and Tarn, both tributaries of the Garonne river. The Aveyron river, which gives its name to the department, is a tributary of the Tarn river.

The main rivers of Aveyron are the Lot in the north, the Aveyron in the centre and the Tarn in the south, all tributaries of the Garonne. They flow from east to west, following the general slope of the department, and divide it into four zones.


The climate of the Aveyron is subtropical with dry-summer, Csb (Mediterranean Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.

The average temperature for the year in Millau is 10.9 °C (51.6 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.9 °C (67.8 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 3.2 °C (37.8 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Millau is 731.5 mm (28.8 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is September with 78.7 mm (3.1 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).[7]


Aveyron is part of the region of Occitanie. The department is managed by the Departamental Council of the Aveyron in Rodez.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 23 cantons and 286 communes (municipalities) in Aveyron.

Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
121 Millau Millau 70,995 3,467.3 20.5 97
122 Rodez Rodez 143,841 3,974.4 36.2 127
123 Villefranche-de-Rouergue Villefranche-de-Rouergue 63,808 1,293.4 49.3 62

The following is a list of the 23 cantons of the Aveyron department (with their INSEE codes), in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

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The inhabitants of Aveyron are known, in French, as Aveyronnais (women: Aveyronnaises).[11]

Aveyron has a population, in 2014, of 278,644,[3] for a population density of 31.9 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Rodez, with 143,841 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Millau and Villefranche-de-Rouergue, have respectively 70,995 and 63,808 inhabitants.[8]

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Rodez (24,088). The subprefectures of Millau and Villefranche-de-Rouergue have, respectively, 22,064 and 11,822 inhabitants.[8]

Evolution of the population in Aude <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:300000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:25000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:12500 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo


bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2008 text:2008
bar:2014 text:2014


color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 281568
bar:1975 from:0 till: 278306
bar:1982 from:0 till: 278654
bar:1990 from:0 till: 270141
bar:1999 from:0 till: 263808
bar:2008 from:0 till: 275889
bar:2014 from:0 till: 278644


bar:1968 at: 281568 fontsize:S text: 281,568 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1975 at: 278306 fontsize:S text: 278,306 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 278654 fontsize:S text: 278,654 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 270141 fontsize:S text: 270,141 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 263808 fontsize:S text: 263,808 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2008 at: 275889 fontsize:S text: 275,889 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 278644 fontsize:S text: 278,644 shift:(-18,5)


The 10 most important cities in the department are:

Aubin Fort site
City Population[8]
Rodez 24,088 Rodez
Millau 22,064 Millau
Onet-le-Château 11,837 Rodez
Villefranche-de-Rouergue 11,822 Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Saint-Affrique 8,260 Millau
Luc-la-Primaube 5,898 Rodez
Decazeville 5,686 Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Capdenac-Gare 4,558 Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Espalion 4,460 Rodez
Sévérac d'Aveyron 4,134 Millau

Related pages


  1. "Le Président du Conseil départemental" (in fr). Conseil départemental de l'Aveyron. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Comparateur de territoire Département de l’Aveyron (12)" (in fr). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in fr). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. 
  4. Création du département de Tarn-et-Garonne
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Historique de l'Aveyron" (in fr). Le SPLAF. 
  6. "Signal de Mailhe-Biau--Northwest Peak, France". 
  7. "Millau, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in fr) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. 
  9. "Département de l’Aveyron (12) et Arrondissements" (in fr). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. 
  10. Décret n° 2014-205 du 21 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de l'Aveyron
  11. "Aveyron (12)" (in fr). 

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