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Flag of Aveyron
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Aveyron in France
Location of Aveyron in France
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Département 4 March 1790
Prefecture Rodez
Subprefectures Millau
 • President of the General Council Jean-Claude Luche
 • Total 8,735 km2 (3,373 sq mi)
 • Total 275,813
 • Rank 78th
 • Density 31.5756/km2 (81.780/sq mi)

Aveyron (Occitan: Avairon) is a French department in the north-east of the Midi-Pyrénées region of southern France. It is named after the Aveyron river. Its prefecture is Rodez.


Aveyron is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created with most of the territory of the old province of Rouergue; in fact, the present flag of the department was the flag of Rouergue.

The first known historical inhabitants of the region were the Rutenii tribe but, before them, the area was inhabited by people that built many prehistoric ruins including over 1,000 dolmens - more than any other department in France.

In 1808, the canton of Saint-Antonin-Noble-Val was transferred from Aveyron to the new department of Tarn-et-Garonne.[3][4]


Menhir La Dame de Saint-Sernin

Aveyron is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region, in southern France, and is the 12th French department in area with 8,735 km2 (3,373 sq mi).[1]

The department borders with 3 regions and 7 departments:[4]

Aveyron is in the south of the central plateau (Massif Central) of France. The mountainous areas (the Aubrac mountains, Palanges Levezou and Lacaune ) cover little more than a third of the territory, with the highest point in Cazalets that is 1,463 m (4,800 ft) high; the remaining two thirds are occupied by hills and plateaus (Ségala, Viadène, Lagast and Grands Causses), with a few valleys.

The territory is crossed by the rivers Lot and Tarn, both tributaries of the Garonne river. The Aveyron river, which gives its name to the department, is a tributary of the Tarn river.

The main rivers of Aveyron are the Lot in the north, the Aveyron in the centre and the Tarn in the south, all tributaries of the Garonne. They flow from east to west, following the general slope of the department, and divide it into four zones.


The climate of the Aveyron is subtropical with dry-summer, Csb (Mediterranean Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.

The average temperature for the year in Millau is 10.9 °C (51.6 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 19.9 °C (67.8 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 3.2 °C (37.8 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Millau is 731.5 mm (28.8 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is September with 78.7 mm (3.1 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 40.6 mm (1.6 in).[5]


The department is managed by the General Council of the Aveyron in Rodez. Aveyron is part of the region of Midi-Pyrénées.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 46 cantons and 304 communes (municipalities) in Aveyron.

Arrondissement Subprefecture Population
Cantons Communes
Millau Millau 70,419   3,467   20.3 15 101
Rodez Rodez 141,731   3,974   35.7 23 139
Villefranche-de-Rouergue Villefranche-de-Rouergue 63,663   1,293   49.2 8 64
Millau city hall
Rodez market
Pont des Consuls,


The inhabitants of Aveyron are known, in French, as Aveyronnais (women: Aveyronnaises).[6]

Aveyron has a population, in 2011, of 275,813,[2] for a population density of 31.6 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Rodez, with 141,731 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Millau and Villefranche-de-Rouergue, have respectively 70,419 and 63,663 inhabitants.[7]

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Rodez (23,794). The subprefectures of Millau and Villefranche-de-Rouergue have, respectively, 21,626 and 11,742 inhabitants.[7]

The 10 most important cities in the department are:

Aubin Fort site
City Population
Rodez 23,794 Rodez
Millau 21,626 Millau
Villefranche-de-Rouergue 11,742 Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Onet-le-Château 11,068 Rodez
Saint-Affrique 8,259 Millau
Decazeville 5,917 Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Capdenac-Gare 4,432 Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Espalion 4,313 Rodez
Aubin 3,954 Villefranche-de-Rouergue


  1. 1.0 1.1 "France Departments". Statoids. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Populations légales 2011" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  3. Création du département de Tarn-et-Garonne
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique de l'Aveyron" (in French). Le SPLAF. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  5. "Millau, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  6. "Aveyron (12)" (in French). Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Aveyron" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 2 April 2014.

Related pages

Arrondissements of the Aveyron department

Other websites