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Rodez

Rodez3718.jpg
A general view of Rodez.
Coat of arms of Rodez
Administration
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Aveyron
Arrondissement Rodez
Canton Rodez-1
Rodez-2
Rodez-Onet
Intercommunality Rodez Agglomération
Mayor Christian Teyssèdre[1]
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 501–643 m (1,644–2,110 ft)
(avg. 572 m/1,877 ft)
Land area1 11.18 km2 (4.32 sq mi)
Population2 24,088  (2014)
 - Density 2,155/km2 (5,580/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 12202/ 12000
Website http://www.ville-rodez.fr/
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Rodez (Occitan: Rodés) is a commune in southwestern France in the department of Aveyron, of which it is its prefecture. It is in the region of Occitanie.

It was the capital of Rouergue, a former French province. Rodez is also the capital of 3 cantons: Rodez-1, Rodez-2 and Rodez-Onet.

History

Existing from at least the 5th century BC, Rodez was founded by Celtic people, the Ruteni. Here they built an oppidum (fortified place) which, after the Roman occupation, was named Segodunum ("Fortified place", "high hill"). The town later was given the name of Civitas Rutenorum ("City of the Ruteni") and then only Ruteni and, finally, Rodez.[2]

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the city was taken by the Visigoths and then by the Franks; in 725, the Moors took the city and destroyed the old church. Later it was occupied by the armies of the Dukes of Aquitaine and of the Counts of Toulouse. English troops occupied Rodez during the Hundred Years War.[2]

With the creation of the Aveyron department in 1790, Rodez became préfecture of the department.[3]

Geography

The commune of Rodez is on the western part of the central plateau (Massif Central) of France. The Aveyron river and the Auterne stream flow through the city.

Rodez has an area of 11.2 km2 (4.3 sq mi),[4] and its average altitude is 572 m (1,877 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 627 m (2,057 ft).[5]

Map of the commune de Rodez

Rodez is surrounded by the communes Onet-le-Château, Sainte-Radegonde, Le Monastère and Olemps.

Climate

The climate of Rodez, in the Köppen climate classification, is Cfb - Oceanic climate with template summers.[6]

Population

The inhabitants of Rodez are known, in French, as Ruthénois (women: Ruthénoises).[7]

With a population of 24,088,[8] Rodez has a population density of 2,155 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Rodez <timeline> Colors=

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ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:30000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:5000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:2500 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 23328
bar:1975 from:0 till: 25550
bar:1982 from:0 till: 24368
bar:1990 from:0 till: 24701
bar:1999 from:0 till: 23707
bar:2006 from:0 till: 24028
bar:2014 from:0 till: 24088

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 23328 fontsize:S text: 23,328 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1975 at: 25550 fontsize:S text: 25,550 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 24368 fontsize:S text: 24,368 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 24701 fontsize:S text: 24,701 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 23707 fontsize:S text: 23,707 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 24028 fontsize:S text: 24,028 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 24088 fontsize:S text: 24,088 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

Rodez forms, together with 5 other communes, the urban area of Rodez with a population of 49,716 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 123.6 km2 (47.7 sq mi).[9] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Rodez, formed by 39 communes with a population of 85,181 inhabitants and an area of 1,066.0 km2 (411.6 sq mi).[10]

Administration

Rodez is the prefecture of the Aveyron department, the capital of the arrondissement of Rodez and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of three cantons:

  • Rodez-1, with 11,905 inhabitants (2014).
  • Rodez-2, with 12,051 inhabitants (2014).
  • Rodez-Onet, with 14,105 inhabitants (2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Rodez Agglomération (French: Communauté d'agglomération Rodez Agglomération).

Sister cities

Rodez is twinned with:[11]

Places of interest

Some interesting places in Rodez are:

  • The Rodez Cathedral (French: Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Rodez) is a Roman Catholic cathedral; is the main religious building of the department.
  • The Episcopal Palace (French: Palais épiscopal de Rodez), built in the 15th century.
  • The Saint-Amans Church, built in the 12th century and then completely rebuilt from 1758 to 1761 with materials from the original building.
  • The Hôtel de la préfecture, built in the first half of the 18th century. It is now home to the prefecture of the Aveyron department.

Gallery

References

  1. "Le conseil municipal" (in French). Mairie de Millau. http://www.villefranchederouergue.fr/spip.php?article134. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Son Histoire: L'Antiquité" (in French). La Ruthènoise. http://www.amicale-ruthenoise.com/?page_id=57. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  3. "Historique de l'Aveyron" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/12his.html. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  4. "Commune de Rodez (12202)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=COM-12202. Retrieved 18 March 2017. 
  5. "Rodez". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Rodez-12000/. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  6. "La ville de Rodez" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-rodez.html. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  7. "Rodez (12000)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_rodez_12202.html. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 
  8. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep12.pdf. Retrieved 17 March 2017. 
  9. "Unité urbaine de Rodez (12402)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=UU2010-12402. Retrieved 18 March 2017. 
  10. "Aire urbaine de Rodez (104)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=AU2010-104. Retrieved 18 March 2017. 
  11. "Les relations internationales" (in French). Ville de Rodez. http://www.ville-rodez.fr/fr/rodez-vie-municipale/relations_internationales/index.php. Retrieved 27 June 2014. 

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