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Lozère




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Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Lozère in France
Location of Lozère in France
Coordinates: 44°20′N 3°36′E / 44.333°N 3.600°E / 44.333; 3.600Coordinates: 44°20′N 3°36′E / 44.333°N 3.600°E / 44.333; 3.600
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
PrefectureMende
SubprefecturesFlorac Trois Rivières
Government
 • PresidentSophie Pantel[1]
Area
 • Total5,166.9 km2 (1,995.0 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total76,360
 • Rank101st
 • Density14.7787/km2 (38.2766/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-48
Arrondissements2
Cantons13
Communes185
Websitehttp://lozere.fr/

Lozère (Occitan: Losera) is a department in the region of Occitanie in southern France near the Massif Central. It is named after Mont Lozère.

History

Lozère was created in 1790 during the French Revolution, when the whole of France was divided into departments, replacing the old provinces. Lozère was formed with part of the old province of Languedoc.

Les Sources and Hautes-Cèvennes were two other names proposed for this department but they were not accepted.[4]

Geography

Lozère has an area of 5,166.9 km2 (1,995 sq mi).[2] It is surrounded by 5 departments belonging to 2 regions:

The Lozère is divided into four natural regions, covering four mountain ranges:

  1. The Aubrac. It is a plateau in the northwest of the department that rises between 1,000 m (3,281 ft) and 1,450 m (4,757 ft), with a cold humid climate. The highest point is Signal de Mailhebiau with 1,469 m (4,820 ft).
  1. The Margeride. Located in the northeast of the department, these mountains are of granite and well forested. The climate here is cold, but dryer than the climate in Aubrac. The highest point is Signal de Randon with 1,551 m (5,089 ft).
  1. The Causses. These are a series of very dry limestone plateaus in the south-west of the department.
  1. The Cévennes, a southern part of the Massif Central and that is found in the south-east of the department. Here is the highest point in the department, Mont Lozère at 1,702 m (5,584 ft).

Three important rivers start in the department:

Administration

The département is managed by the Departamental Council of Lozère in Mende. Lozère is part of the region of Occitanie.

Administrative divisions

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 13 cantons and 176 communes (municipalities) in Lozère.[5]

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[6]
(2014)
Area[7]
(km²)
Density
(inh./km²)
Communes
481 Florac Florac Trois Rivières 13,313 1,687.5 7.9 44
482 Mende Mende 63,047 3,479.4 18.1 132

The following is a list of the 13 cantons of the Lozère department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[8]

  1. Aumont-Aubrac (4801)
  2. La Canourgue (4802)
  3. Chirac (4803)
  4. Le Collet-de-Dèze (4804)
  5. Florac (4805)
  6. Grandrieu (4806)
  7. Langogne (4807)
  8. Marvejols (4808)
  9. Mende-1 (4809)
  10. Mende-2 (4810)
  11. Saint-Alban-sur-Limagnole (4811)
  12. Saint-Chély-d'Apcher (4812)
  13. Saint-Étienne-du-Valdonnez (4813)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Lozère are known, in French, as Lozériens (women: Lozériennes).[9]

Lozère is the least populated French department. It has a population, in 2014, of 76,360,[3] for a population density of 14.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Mende, with 63,047 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other arrondissement, Florac, have 13,313 inhabitants.[6]

The only important city is Mende with 11,542 people living there in 2014. The subprefecture, Florac Trois Rivières, has 2,107 inhabitants.[6]

Evolution of the population in Lozère <timeline> Colors=

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 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:80000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:10000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:5000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2008 text:2008
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 77258
bar:1975 from:0 till: 74825
bar:1982 from:0 till: 74294
bar:1990 from:0 till: 72825
bar:1999 from:0 till: 73509
bar:2008 from:0 till: 76973
bar:2014 from:0 till: 76360

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 77258 fontsize:S text: 77,258 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1975 at: 74825 fontsize:S text: 74,825 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 74294 fontsize:S text: 74,294 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 72825 fontsize:S text: 72,825 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 73509 fontsize:S text: 73,509 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2008 at: 76973 fontsize:S text: 76,973 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 76360 fontsize:S text: 76,360 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

The cities with more than 2,000 inhabitants in the department are:

City Population[6]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Mende 11,542 Mende
Marvejols 4,882 Mende
Saint-Chély-d'Apcher 4,169 Mende
Langogne 2,903 Mende
Bourgs sur Colagne 2,136 Mende
La Canourgue 2,108 Mende
Florac Trois Rivières 2,107 Florac

Gallery

View of the Tarn river, in the Tarn Gorges (Lozère)

Related pages

References

  1. "Le visage du Département". Départment de la Lozère. http://lozere.fr/le-conseil-departemental/le-nouveau-visage-du-departement.html. Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département de La Lozère (48) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-48. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  4. "Historique de la Lozère" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/48his.html. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  5. "Département de la Lozère (48)" (in French). Géographie administrative et d'étude. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP48-lozere. Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep48.pdf. Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  7. "Département de la Lozère (48)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-48+ARR-481+ARR-482. Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  8. "Décret n° 2014-245 du 25 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département de la Lozère" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028661432. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  9. "Lozère (48)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_lozere_48.html. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 

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