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Bangladesh Liberation War

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A map of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

The Bangladesh Liberation War[a] (Bengali: মুক্তিযুদ্ধ Muktijuddho) was a revolutionary independence war in South Asia during 1971 which established the republic of Bangladesh.[4] The war pitted East Pakistan (later joined by India) against West Pakistan, and lasted over a duration of nine months. It witnessed large-scale atrocities, the exodus of 10 million refugees and the displacement of 30 million people.[5]

The war started on 26 March 1971 and finished on 16 December, 1971. A category 3 cyclone also appeared during the war. Ghulam Azam was convicted for war crimes as a result of the liberation war.


  1. Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh mentions this war as Bangladesh Liberation war.[1] This war is known in Bangla as Muktijuddho or Shawdhinota Juddho.[2] This war is also called the Civil War in Pakistan[3]

  1. Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, Page 235
  2. Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh, Page 289
  3. Moss, Peter (2005). Secondary Social Studies For Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press. p. 93. ISBN 9780195977042 . Retrieved June 10, 2013. 
  4. Library of Congress
  5. en, Samuel; Paul Robert Bartrop, Steven L. Jacobs. Dictionary of Genocide: A-L. Volume 1: Greenwood. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-313-32967-8.

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