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Boeing 787 Dreamliner
|Boeing 787 Dreamliner|
|The 787 on its first flight|
|Role||Wide-body jet airliner|
|National origin||United States|
|Manufacturer||Boeing Commercial Airplanes|
|First flight||December 15, 2009|
|Introduction||September 25, 2011 with All Nippon Airways|
|Status||Being made and being used by airlines|
|Primary users|| All Nippon Airways|
|Unit cost|| 787-8: US$ 211.8 million |
787-9: US$249.5 million
787-10: US$288.7 million
The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an aircraft made by Boeing. Its first flight took place on 15 December 2009. It was planned to be released earlier, but the first passenger flight of a 787 was in October 2011. Because of this some airlines will get their aircraft nearly 30 months late.
The aircraft has had some problems. It is being reviewed by the FAA and the Japanese aviation agency. On January 16, 2013, the FAA said that all 787s were not allowed to fly in the U.S. The EASA, Japanese Transport Ministry, India's Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), and Chile's Dirección General de Aeronautica Civil (DGAC) also said that the 787 was not allowed to fly in their country.
In the late 1990s Boeing wanted to make a plane called the Sonic Cruiser, which would go very fast. According to Boeing, the 787 consumes 20% less fuel than the similarly-sized 767. But after the September 11, 2001 attacks fuel prices went up, so airlines wanted more efficient planes rather than faster ones. Boeing cancelled the Sonic Cruiser and replaced it in January 2003 with the "7E7," which was the code name for the 787 at the time. In July 2003, Boeing decided to call the new plane the "Dreamliner."
The 787 was designed to be much more efficient. It did this by using composite to build most of the plane instead of aluminum, which made the plane lighter. It also used two new engine types, the General Electric GEnx and the Rolls-Royce Trent 1000. According to Boeing this made the 787 20% more efficient than the 767.
In December 2006 Boeing said that the 787 was heavier than they expected, so the plane was delayed. Also, Boeing had tried to shorten the time to make the plane by asking parts suppliers to assemble parts of the plane. These parts manufacturers were not used to the extra work though, and this delayed the 787 even more.
Boeing started to test the 787 on the ground. They found more problems and the plane was delayed even more. Finally on December 15, 2009 the 787 went on its first flight. Boeing began testing the plane in the air. There were more problems, like a failure of one of the Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 engines, and an in flight fire, which delayed the plane even more. Some airlines wanted to be paid back for all the delays. Finally in July 2011, Boeing delivered their first 787 to ANA.
The Boeing 787 has a common type rating as the Boeing 777, which means that a pilot who trains in one of the planes can easily switch to the other with very little additional training.
One of the most interesting features of the 787 is the sawtooth pattern at the back of the engine. According to Boeing this makes the plane quieter for people on the plane and on the ground. The engines also have sound absorbing material at the front of the engine to make the plane even quieter.
The inside of the 787 is the most noticeable feature. The windows are much bigger on the 787 than on other planes because the plane is made mostly of composite, which is stronger than the aluminum which is used on most other planes. Also, the windows of the plane don't use slide-down shades like most planes. Instead they have buttons which can make the window darker or lighter. The inside of the plane also uses LED lighting. This lets the plane change colors inside.
The fact that the plane is made of composite instead of aluminum makes the passengers more comfortable. Most passenger planes fly so high that they needs to pump air into the cabin so the passengers can breathe. Most planes pump in enough air so that the passengers feel like they are at about 8000 feet (2400 meters). But since the 787 uses composite, which is stronger than aluminum, the plane can pump in more air so the passengers feel like they are at about 6000 feet (1800 meters). The composite is also less vulnerable to corrosion, so the plane can have a higher humidity than most other planes. Boeing says that these improvements will make passengers feel better after a long flight.
Types of aircraft
Boeing is making 2 variants of the Dreamliner: the 787-8 and the 787-9. They plan to make a 787-10. They were also going to make the 787-3, but stopped.
The -8 model is in the middle, flying 210 people about 15200 km and started flying in 2011. The -8 will replace the Boeing 767-200ER and Boeing 767-300ER aircraft. It is meant for very long trips with fewer passengers, where a bigger plane will not make enough money for the airline.
The -9 will be larger and have a range of about 15750 km. It will be able to fly about 270 people and will be made in 2014. It will be able to carry more weight than the -8, and it will be longer than the -8. It will compete against Airbus and their A330-300 aircraft and their A330-200. It will replace the Boeing 767-400ER.
The -10 will be larger than both the 787-8 and the 787-9. It will carry about 300 people, but to do that it will have less range. It will compete with the upcoming Airbus A350, and it will also replace the Boeing 777-200ER aircraft. The 787-10 is not being made yet; Boeing is deciding whether to make it.
The -3 was going to be the smallest and would have the shortest range at about 5000 km, and would fly about 290 people. It would have replace the Boeing 747-400D (the D stands for domestic, which means flights that take-off and land in the same country) that was used by two Japanese airlines. At first these Japanese airlines had ordered the 787-3, but since the plane was late the airlines cancelled their orders. This made Boeing stop making the 787-3.
- "Boeing: About the 787 Family." Boeing. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- "Boeing: Jet prices." Boeing. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- "Boeing 787 'Dreamliner' jets grounded in Japan, US". South China Morning Post. http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/article/1130043/boeing-787-dreamliner-jets-grounded-japan-us.
- "DGCA directs Air India to ground all six Boeing Dreamliners on safety concerns". The Economic Times. January 17, 2013. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/news-by-industry/transportation/airlines-/-aviation/dgca-directs-air-india-to-ground-all-six-boeing-dreamliners-on-safety-concerns/articleshow/18056887.cms. Retrieved January 17, 2013.
- Norris, G.; Thomas, G.; Wagner, M. and Forbes Smith, C. (2005). Boeing 787 Dreamliner – Flying Redefined. Aerospace Technical Publications International. .
- Boeing. "Commercial Airplanes – 787 Dreamliner – Background". Press release. http://www.boeing.com/commercial/787family/background.html. Retrieved December 14, 2010.
- Boeing (January 28, 2005). "Boeing Gives the 7E7 Dreamliner a Model Designation". Press release. http://www.boeing.com/news/releases/2005/q1/nr_050128g.html. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
- "International Lease Finance Corp". ATW Online. Penton Media, Inc. November 12, 2007. http://www.atwonline.com/news/other.html?issueDate=11/12/2007.
- "United may seek damages for 787 delays". PSBJ. February 27, 2012. http://www.bizjournals.com/seattle/morning_call/2012/02/united-may-seek-damages-for-787-delays.html. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
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