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Cree language

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Native toCanada; United States (Montana)
Native speakers120,000  (2006 census)[1]
(including MontagnaisNaskapi and Atikamekw)
Language family
Writing systemLatin, Canadian Aboriginal syllabics (Cree)
Official status
Official language inNorthwest Territories[2]
Recognised minority language inAlberta
Language codes
ISO 639-1cr
ISO 639-2cre
ISO 639-3creinclusive code
Individual codes:
crk – Plains Cree
cwd – Woods Cree
csw – Swampy Cree
crm – Moose Cree
crl – Northern East Cree
crj – Southern East Cree
nsk – Naskapi
moe – Montagnais
atj – Atikamekw
Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics Example.svg
This article contains Canadian Aboriginal syllabic characters. Without the correct software, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of syllabics.

Cree /ˈkr/[3] (also known as Cree–MontagnaisNaskapi) is an Algonquian language spoken by about 117,000 people across Canada from the Northwest Territories and Alberta to Labrador.[1] This makes it the aboriginal language with the highest number of speakers in Canada.[1] Despite having a large number of speakers within this wide-ranging area, the only region where Cree has any official status is in the Northwest Territories. This is along with eight other official aboriginal languages.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Statistics Canada: 2006 Census
  2. Official Languages of the Northwest Territories (map)
  3. Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh