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Total population

392,420 (2016 census)
Including Atikamekw and Innu

Regions with significant populations
Canada, United States
Alberta 95,300
Saskatchewan 89,990
Manitoba 66,895
Quebec 58,640
Ontario 36,750
British Columbia 35,885
Montana 3,323
Newfoundland and Labrador 3,255
Northwest Territories 2,195
Nova Scotia 1,780
Cree, Cree Sign Language, English, French
Anglicanism, Pentecostalism, Roman Catholicism
Related ethnic groups
Métis, Oji-Cree, Ojibwe, Innu

The Cree (Néhiyaw in Cree language; French: Cri in French) are one of the First Nations in North America. They are one of the largest groups.

In Canada, over 350,000 people are Cree or have Cree ancestors.[1] Most Cree in Canada live in Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and the Northwest Territories.[2] About 27,000 of them live in Quebec.[3]

During their history in the United States, Cree people lived west of Lake Superior. Today, they live mostly in Montana, in the Rocky Boy Indian Reservation.[4] Ojibwe (Chippewa) people also live in that reservation.[4]

They have moved west over time because they were traders and hunters.[5]