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Panorama Niort.jpg
Coat of arms
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Location of Deux-Sèvres in France
Location of Deux-Sèvres in France
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Département4 March 1790
SubprefecturesBressuire, Parthenay
 • PresidentGilbert Favreau
 • Total5,999.4 km2 (2,316.4 sq mi)
 • Total373,553
 • Density62.2651/km2 (161.2658/sq mi)
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Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
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ISO 3166 codeFR-79

Deux-Sèvres is a department in western France, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

Deux-Sèvres means literally "Two Sèvres": the Sèvre Nantaise and the Sèvre Niortaise; these are two rivers which flow through the department.


Deux-Sèvres is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790.

The new department had six districts: Melle, Niort, Saint-Maixent, Parthenay, Thouars and Châtillon (today Mauléon). The capital (now prefecture) was Niort alternating Saint-Maixent and Parthenay but soon only Niort was the only capital.[4]

In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the six districts were changed into four arrondissements: Melle, Niort, Parthenay and Thouars. Thouars was changed by Bressuire in 1804.[4]

On 10 September 1926, the arrondissements of Bressuire and Melle were eliminated. On 1 June 1942, Bressuire was again an arrondissement.[4]

The borders of the department were changed in 1973 when the inhabitants of the little commune of Puy-Saint-Bonnet joined the commune of Cholet in the neighbouring department of Maine-et-Loire.[4]


Deux-Sèvres is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has an area of 5,999.4 km2 (2,316 sq mi).[2]

The highest point of the department is Terrier de Saint-Martin, 272 m (892 ft) high, in the commune of Saint-Martin-du-Fouilloux.

The department is bordered by the departments: Maine-et-Loire, Vienne, Charente, Charente-Maritime and Vendée.

The main rivers in the department are:


The climate of Niort is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[5]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Niort is 647.7 mm (25.5 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is September with 94 mm (3.7 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 25.4 mm (1.0 in).

The average temperature for the year in Niort is 12.5 °C (54.5 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.2 °C (68.4 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.5 °C (41.9 °F).


The department is managed by the Departamental Council of the Deux-Sèvres in Niort.[1] Deux-Sèvres is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 293 communes (municipalities) in Deux-Sèvres.[6]

Arrondissement Capital Population[7]
791 Bressuire Bressuire 96,703 1,622.6 59.6 53
792 Niort Niort 212,425 2,791.6 76.1 163
793 Parthenay Parthenay 64,425 1,585.1 40.6 77

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Deux-Sèvres department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[9]

Template-specific style sheet:

  1. Autize-Egray (7901)
  2. Bressuire (7902)
  3. Celles-sur-Belle (7903)
  4. Cerizay (7904)
  5. Frontenay-Rohan-Rohan (7905)
  6. La Gâtine (7906)
  7. Mauléon (7907)
  8. Melle (7908)
  9. Mignon-et-Boutonne (7909)
  10. Niort-1 (7910)
  11. Niort-2 (7911)
  12. Niort-3 (7912)
  13. Parthenay (7913)
  14. La Plaine Niortaise (7914)
  15. Saint-Maixent-l'École (7915)
  16. Thouars (7916)
  17. Le Val de Thouet (7917)


The inhabitants of Deux-Sèvres are known, in French, as Deux-Sévriens (women: Deux-Sévriennes).[10]

Deux-Sèvres has a population, in 2014, of 373,553,[3] for a population density of 62.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Niort, with 212,425 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Bressuire and Parthenay, have respectively 96,703 and 64,425 inhabitants.[7]

Evolution of the population in Deux-Sèvres <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:450000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:100000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:50000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo


bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2008 text:2008
bar:2014 text:2014


color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 326467
bar:1975 from:0 till: 335829
bar:1982 from:0 till: 342812
bar:1990 from:0 till: 345965
bar:1999 from:0 till: 344392
bar:2008 from:0 till: 365059
bar:2014 from:0 till: 373553


bar:1968 at: 326467 fontsize:S text: 326,467 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1975 at: 335829 fontsize:S text: 335,829 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 342812 fontsize:S text: 342,812 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 345965 fontsize:S text: 345,965 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 344392 fontsize:S text: 344,392 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2008 at: 365059 fontsize:S text: 365,059 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 373553 fontsize:S text: 373,553 shift:(-18,5)


The 10 main cities in the department are:

City Population
Niort 58,311 Niort
Bressuire 19,300 Bressuire
Parthenay 10,367 Parthenay
Thouars 9,241 Bressuire
Mauléon 8,463 Bressuire
Chauray 6,828 Niort
Saint-Maixent-l’École 6,537 Niort
Nueil-les-Aubiers 5,628 Bressuire
Aiffres 5,486 Niort
La Crèche 5,471 Niort


The department is still a very rural area, with a large proportion of the land of the department used for farming. Wheat and oats are the main products grown, as well as potatoes, apples, and walnuts. There are many vineyards in the north.


Related pages


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Conseil départemental des Deux-Sèvres" (in French). Deux-Sèvres - Le Départment.épartemental/Lassembléedépartementale.aspx. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département des Deux-Sèvres (79) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014: Recensement de la population - Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 19 April 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Historique des Deux-Sèvres" (in French). Le SPLAF. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  5. "Niort, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  6. "Département des Deux-Sèvres (79)" (in French). Géographie administrative et d'étude. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 19 April 2017. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 19 April 2017. 
  8. "Département des Deux-Sèvres (79)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. Retrieved 19 April 2017. 
  9. "Décret n° 2014-176 du 18 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département des Deux-Sèvres" (in French). Lé Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  10. "Deux-Sèvres (79)" (in French). Retrieved 21 August 2016. 

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