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Niort

Panorama Niort.jpg
The old centre of Niort
Coat of arms of Niort
Administration
Country France
Region Poitou-Charentes
Department Deux-Sèvres
Arrondissement Niort
Canton Niort-1
Niort-2
Niort-3
Intercommunality Le Niortais
Mayor Jérome Baloge[1]
(2014–2020)
Statistics
Elevation 2–77 m (6.6–252.6 ft)
(avg. 40 m/130 ft)
Land area1 68.20 km2 (26.33 sq mi)
Population2 58,311  (2014)
 - Density 855/km2 (2,210/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 79191/ 79000
Website www.vivre-a-niort.com
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Niort is a commune in the Deux-Sèvres department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. It is a prefecture of the Deux-Sèvres department. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Niort.

Geography

Niort is to the southwest of the Deux-Sèvres department on the left side of the Sèvre Niortaise river. The city is the main place to get into the Marais Poitevin, a large area of marshland in western France.

Niort is at about 41 km (25 mi) from Parthenay and about 64 km (40 mi) from Bressuire, the two subprefectures of the department.

The city is also at about 187 km (116 mi) from Bordeaux, 411 km (255 mi) from Paris, 827 km (514 mi) from Marseille and 423 km (263 mi) from Toulouse.[2]

The commune has an area of 68.2 km2 (26.3 sq mi).[3] Its average altitude is 40 m (130 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 28 m (92 ft).[4]

Map of the commune of Niort

The commune of Niort is surrounded by the communes:

Climate

The climate of Niort is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[5]

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Niort is 647.7 mm (25.5 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is September with 94 mm (3.7 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is July with an average of 25.4 mm (1.0 in).

The average temperature for the year in Niort is 12.5 °C (54.5 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.2 °C (68.4 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.5 °C (41.9 °F).

Climate data for Niort, Deux-Sèvres, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.5
(47.3)
10.0
(50)
13.4
(56.1)
16.0
(60.8)
20.0
(68)
23.7
(74.7)
26.1
(79)
26.1
(79)
22.9
(73.2)
18.8
(65.8)
12.2
(54)
8.9
(48)
17.22
(62.99)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
6.2
(43.2)
8.7
(47.7)
10.9
(51.6)
14.7
(58.5)
18.1
(64.6)
20.2
(68.4)
20.1
(68.2)
17.3
(63.1)
13.7
(56.7)
8.7
(47.7)
5.9
(42.6)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
2.3
(36.1)
4.0
(39.2)
5.7
(42.3)
9.4
(48.9)
12.4
(54.3)
14.3
(57.7)
14.0
(57.2)
11.6
(52.9)
9.3
(48.7)
5.1
(41.2)
2.9
(37.2)
7.78
(46.01)
Rainfall mm (inches) 42.0
(1.654)
34.4
(1.354)
41.5
(1.634)
63.1
(2.484)
58.2
(2.291)
39.5
(1.555)
24.8
(0.976)
49.9
(1.965)
95.0
(3.74)
87.5
(3.445)
64.7
(2.547)
47.6
(1.874)
648.2
(25.52)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population

The inhabitants of Niort are known, in French, as Niortais (women: Niortaises).[6]

With a population of 58,311,[7] Niort has a population density of 855 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Niort <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:65000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:10000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:5000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:a text:1968
bar:b text:1975
bar:c text:1982
bar:d text:1990
bar:e text:1999
bar:f text:2006
bar:g text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:a from:0 till: 48469
bar:b from:0 till: 62267
bar:c from:0 till: 58203
bar:d from:0 till: 57012
bar:e from:0 till: 56663
bar:f from:0 till: 58066
bar:g from:0 till: 58311

PlotData=

bar:a at: 48469 fontsize:S text: 48,469 shift:(-12,5)
bar:b at: 62267 fontsize:S text: 62,267 shift:(-13,5)
bar:c at: 58203 fontsize:S text: 58,203 shift:(-13,5)
bar:d at: 57012 fontsize:S text: 57,012 shift:(-13,5)
bar:e at: 56663 fontsize:S text: 56,663 shift:(-13,5)
bar:f at: 58066 fontsize:S text: 58,066 shift:(-13,5)
bar:g at: 58311 fontsize:S text: 58,311 shift:(-13,5)

</timeline>

Niort forms, with other 3 communes, the urban area of Niort with a population of 71,127 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 119.8 km2 (46.3 sq mi).[8] This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Niort, formed by 76 communes with a population of 154,160 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 1,373.3 km2 (530.2 sq mi).[9]

Administration

Niort is the prefecture of the Deux-Sèvres department, the capital of the arrondissement of Niort and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of three cantons:

  • Niort-1, with 19,481 inhabitants (2014).
  • Niort-2, with 18,806 inhabitants (2014).
  • Niort-3, with 20,024 inhabitants (2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Le Niortais (French: Communauté d'agglomération du Niortais).

Twinned and partner towns

Niort is twinned with:[10]

Gallery

References

  1. "Les élus" (in French). Vivre à Niort. https://www.vivre-a-niort.com/fr/mairie/le-conseil-municipal/les-elus/les-elus/index.html. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  2. "Ville de Niort" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-niort.html. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  3. "Commune de Niort (79191)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=COM-79191. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  4. "Niort". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Niort-79000/. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  5. "Niort, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598850&cityname=Niort%2C+Poitou-Charentes%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  6. "Deux-Sèvres (79)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/deux-sevres-79. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  7. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep79.pdf. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  8. "Unité urbaine de Niort (79501)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=UU2010-79501. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  9. "Aire urbaine de Niort (054)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=AU2010-054. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  10. "Jumelage" (in French). Vivre à Niort. https://www.vivre-a-niort.com/fr/mairie/jumelage/index.html. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 

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