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Echizen Province




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Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Echizen Province highlighted

Echizen Province (越前国 Echizen no kuni?) was an old province of Japan in the area of Fukui Prefecture on the island of Honshū.[1] Along with Etchū and Echigo Provinces, it was sometimes called Esshū (越州?).

The ancient capital city of the province was at Echizen.

History

View of Echizen Province, woodblock print by Hiroshige, 1853

The boundaries of Echizen were formally established during the reigns of Empress Genshō and Empress Kōken.[2]

In the Edo period, the daimyo of Fukui Domain lived at Fukui.

In the Meiji period, the provinces of Japan were converted into prefectures. The maps of Japan and Echizen Province were reformed in the 1870s.[3]

Shrines and Temples

Kehi jinja was the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) of Echizen.[4]

Related pages

References

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Echizen" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 165.
  2. Meyners d'Estrey, Guillaume Henry Jean (1884). Annales de l'Extrême Orient et de l'Afrique, Vol. 6, p. 172; excerpt, Genshō crée sept provinces : Idzumi, Noto, Atoa, Iwaki, Iwase, Suwa et Sado en empiétant sur celles de Kawachi, Echizen, Etchū, Kazusa, Mutsu and Shinano
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 2; retrieved 2012-1-17.

Other websites

Media related to Echizen Province at Wikimedia Commons