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George Washington Bridge
|George Washington Bridge|
|The bridge, looking east from Fort Lee toward Upper Manhattan.|
|Other name(s)|| |
|Locale||Fort Lee, New Jersey, and New York City (Washington Heights, Manhattan), New York, United States|
|Maintained by||Port Authority of New York and New Jersey|
|Designer|| Othmar Ammann (chief engineer)|
Edward W. Stearns (assistant chief engineer)
Allston Dana (design engineer)
Cass Gilbert (architect)
Montgomery Case (construction engineer)
|Design||Double-decked suspension bridge|
|Total length||4,760 ft (1,450 m)/>|
|Width||119 ft (36 m)|
|Height||604 ft (184 m)|
|Longest span||3,500 ft (1,067 m)|
|Vertical clearance||14 ft (4.3 m) (upper level), 13.5 ft (4.1 m) (lower level)|
|Clearance below||212 ft (65 m) at mid-span|
|Beginning date of construction|| September 21, 1927 (bridge construction)|
June 2, 1959 (lower level)
|Opened|| October 24, 1931 (upper level)|
August 29, 1962 (lower level)
|Toll|| (Eastbound only) As of August 29, 2019:|
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The George Washington Bridge is a suspension bridge over the Hudson River, that connects part of New York City, New York to Fort Lee, New Jersey. It is 4,750 feet (1584 meters) long and was designed by Othmar H. Ammann. Building began on October 21, 1927, and it was opened on October 25, 1931, at a cost of $59 million. A second level was added below the main level and opened to traffic on August 29, 1962. There are also walkways for pedestrians and bicyclists on the north and south sides of the bridge.
The main span of the bridge is 3,500 ft (1,067 m) long and it is 119 ft (36 m) wide. It is suspended by four cables, each cable weighing 28,450 tons, and each is made from 26,474 individual wires. The total length of all the wire in the four cables is 107,000 mi (172,200 km).
Ammann chose the site for the bridge because the river was narrower at this point. The banks on either side were high, which meant the bridge could be tall enough for ships to pass underneath, without having to build long rising bridge approaches.
Aerial view showing situation atop Palisades Sill
- "New York City Bridge Traffic Volumes". New York City Department of Transportation. 2016. p. 11. http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/downloads/pdf/nyc-bridge-traffic-report-2016.pdf. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- "George Washington Bridge". Roads of NYC. Eastern Roads. http://www.nycroads.com/crossings/george-washington/. Retrieved 2009-12-05.
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