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George Washington Bridge



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George Washington Bridge
The bridge, looking east from Fort Lee toward Upper Manhattan.
Other name(s)
  • GWB
  • GW
  • GW Bridge
  • The George
Carries
  • 14 lanes (8 upper deck, 6 lower deck) of I-95 (entire span) / US 1-9 (entire span) / US 46 (NJ side)
  • Upper deck sidewalk (south side): pedestrians and bicycles
Crosses Hudson River
Locale Fort Lee, New Jersey, and New York City (Washington Heights, Manhattan), New York, United States
Maintained by Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Designer Othmar Ammann (chief engineer)
Edward W. Stearns (assistant chief engineer)
Allston Dana (design engineer)
Cass Gilbert (architect)
Montgomery Case (construction engineer)
Design Double-decked suspension bridge
Material Steel
Total length 4,760 ft (1,450 m)/>
Width 119 ft (36 m)
Height 604 ft (184 m)
Longest span 3,500 ft (1,067 m)
Vertical clearance 14 ft (4.3 m) (upper level), 13.5 ft (4.1 m) (lower level)
Clearance below 212 ft (65 m) at mid-span
AADT 289,827 (2016)[1]
Beginning date of construction September 21, 1927; 93 years ago (1927-09-21) (bridge construction)
June 2, 1959; 62 years ago (1959-06-02) (lower level)
Opened October 24, 1931; 89 years ago (1931-10-24) (upper level)
August 29, 1962; 58 years ago (1962-08-29) (lower level)
Toll (Eastbound only) As of August 29, 2019:
  • Cars $15.00 (cash)
  • $12.50 for Peak (E-ZPass)
  • $10.50 for Off-peak (E-ZPass)
  • $6.50 (when carpooling with three or more people with NY and NJ E-ZPass only)
  • $6.25 (New York or New Jersey issued E-ZPass with registered commuter plan and three or more trips into Staten Island, NY during a calendar month)
  • (Peak hours: Weekdays: 6-10 a.m., 4-8 p.m.; Sat. & Sun.: 11 a.m.-9 p.m.)
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Coordinates 40°51′07″N 73°57′07″W / 40.852°N 73.952°W / 40.852; -73.952 (George Washington Bridge)

The George Washington Bridge is a suspension bridge over the Hudson River, that connects part of New York City, New York to Fort Lee, New Jersey. It is 4,750 feet (1584 meters) long and was designed by Othmar H. Ammann. Building began on October 21, 1927, and it was opened on October 25, 1931, at a cost of $59 million.[2] A second level was added below the main level and opened to traffic on August 29, 1962.[2] There are also walkways for pedestrians and bicyclists on the north and south sides of the bridge.

The main span of the bridge is 3,500 ft (1,067 m) long and it is 119 ft (36 m) wide.[2] It is suspended by four cables, each cable weighing 28,450 tons, and each is made from 26,474 individual wires. The total length of all the wire in the four cables is 107,000 mi (172,200 km).[2]

Ammann chose the site for the bridge because the river was narrower at this point. The banks on either side were high, which meant the bridge could be tall enough for ships to pass underneath, without having to build long rising bridge approaches.[2]

References

  1. "New York City Bridge Traffic Volumes". New York City Department of Transportation. 2016. p. 11. http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/downloads/pdf/nyc-bridge-traffic-report-2016.pdf. Retrieved March 16, 2018. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "George Washington Bridge". Roads of NYC. Eastern Roads. http://www.nycroads.com/crossings/george-washington/. Retrieved 2009-12-05. 

Other websites

Media related to George Washington Bridge at Wikimedia Commons

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