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Republic of Ghana

Flag of Ghana
Ghana (orthographic projection).svg
and largest city
Official languagesEnglish
Akan, Ewe, Dagomba (Dagbani), Dangme, Dagaare, Ga, Nzema, Gonja, Kasem[2]
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
John Dramani Mahama
• Declared
6 March 1957
• Republic
1 July 1960
• Current Constitution
28 April 1992
• Total
238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi) (81st)
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
• Density
101.5/km2 (262.9/sq mi) (103rd)
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
• Total
$82.571 billion[4]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Total
$42.090 billion[4]
• Per capita
HDI (2010)Increase 0.541[5]
low · 135th
CurrencyGhana cedi (GH₵) (GHS)
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+233
ISO 3166 codeGH

The Republic of Ghana (formerly the Gold Coast) is a country in West Africa. Twenty-three million people live there; its capital is Accra. It is in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Côte d'Ivoire and Togo.

Since Ghana is near the Equator, the climate is very warm and tropical. The eastern coastal belt is warm and comparatively dry. South west corner is hot and humid. The north is hot and dry. Lake Volta (the world’s largest artificial lake) extends through eastern Ghana.

Most Ghanaians have access to primary and secondary education. Ghana has a 6-year primary school system. There are 6 public universities and 10 private universities. After secondary education, there are not many opportunities for Ghanaian students go into higher education. Only 9 out of 100 students continue studying after secondary educations.

Ghana has many natural resources. The main exports are gold, timber, cocoa, diamonds, and more. Ghana has one of the strongest economies in Africa.

Ghana used “Cedi” for their currency but in July 2007, “Ghana Cedi” became the new currency. 1 Ghana Cedi is equal to 1000 Cedi. 1 US dollar is around 0.93 Ghana Cedi.


Beach in Ghana
Beach in Ghana

Ghana is a country located on the Gulf of Guinea. It is only a few degrees north of the Equator. This gives it a warm climate. The country has an area of 238,500 km2 (92,085 sq mi). It is surrounded by Togo to the east, Côte d'Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean) to the south.

The country has flat plains, low hills and a few rivers. Ghana can be divided into five different geographical regions. The coastline is mostly a low, sandy shore backed by plains and scrub. It is crossed by several rivers and streams. The northern part of the country has high plains. Southwest and south central Ghana is made up of a forested plateau region with the Ashanti uplands and the Kwahu Plateau. The hilly Akuapim-Togo ranges are found along the country's eastern border.

The Volta Basin also takes up most of central Ghana. Ghana's highest point is Mount Afadjato. It is 885 m (2,904 ft) and is found in the Akwapim-Togo Ranges.

There are two main seasons in Ghana: the wet and the dry seasons. Northern Ghana has its rainy season from March to November. The south, including the capital Accra, has the season from April to mid-November.

Regions and districts

Ghana is divided into 10 administrative regions. The regions are divided into a total of 170 districts. The regions are:


Football is the most popular sport. The national men's football team is known as the Black Stars. The under-20 team is known as the Black Satellites. Ghana has been in many championships including the African Cup of Nations, the FIFA World Cup and the FIFA U-20 World Cup. In the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Ghana became the third African country to reach the quarter final stage.[6] There are several club football teams in Ghana, which play in the Ghana Premier League and Division One League. Both are managed by the Ghana Football Association.

The country also has quite a few quality boxers such as Azumah Nelson a three time world champion, Nana Yaw Konadu also a three time world champion, Ike Quartey, and Joshua Clottey.[7]

Notable people

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