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Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
|Hawaii Volcanoes National Park *|
|Country||United States of America|
|Region **||List of World Heritage Sites in the U.S.A.|
|Inscription||1987 (11th Session)|
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park is a national park in the U.S. state and island of Hawaii. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park was created in 1916. In it are Mauna Loa, the Earth's biggest volcano, and Kilauea, the Earth's most active volcano.
The park shows the results of millions of years of volcanism, and evolution. These processes thrust a bare land from the sea, and clothed it with complex and unique ecosystems, and a distinct Ancient Hawaiian culture. Kīlauea, one of the world's most active volcanoes, and Mauna Loa, the most massive, offer scientists insights on the birth of the Hawaiian Islands, and give visitors views of dramatic volcanic landscapes.
On March 19, 2008, there was a small explosion in Halemaʻumaʻu crater, the first explosive event since 1924 and the first eruption in the Kīlauea caldera since September 1982.
Debris from the explosion was scattered over an area of 74 acres (300,000 m2). A small amount of ash was also reported at a nearby community. The explosion covered part of Crater Rim Drive and damaged Halemaʻumaʻu overlook. The explosion did not release any lava, which suggests to scientists that it was driven by hydrothermal or gas sources.
- UNESCO, "Hawaii Volcanoes National Park"; retrieved 2012-4-19.
- "Hawai'i's Only World Heritage Site". Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park web site. National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/havo/parkmgmt/world_heritage_site.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-02.
- Explosive eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu Crater, Kilauea Volcano.
- "Closed Areas". Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park web site. National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/havo/closed_areas.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-02.