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Hyōgo Prefecture

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Hyōgo Prefecture is a prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan on the island of Honshu.[1] The capital city is Kobe.[2]


In the Meiji period, Hyōgo Prefecture was created by merging the provinces of Harima, Tajima, Awaji, and parts of Tamba and Settsu.[3]

In 1993, Himeji Castle was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is in the city of Himeji.[4]

In 1995, the Great Hanshin earthquake damaged Kobe and neighboring Osaka Prefecture. It caused the deaths of 5,000+ people.[5]


Hyōgo has coastlines on two seas. The Sea of Japan is north of the prefecture and the Seto Inland Sea is on the south. Awaji Island in the Inland Sea is part of Hyōgo.

Hyōgo shares land borders with Osaka Prefecture, Kyoto Prefecture, Tottori Prefecture and Okayama Prefecture.


There are twenty-nine cities in Hyōgo Prefecture, including


National Parks

National Parks are established in about 20% of the total land area of the prefecture.[6]

Shrines and Temples

Izumo daijinju is the chief Shinto shrines (ichinomiya) in the prefecture. [7]

Related pages


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hyōgo prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 363-365; "Kansai" at p. 477.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kobe" at p. 537.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4., Himeji-jo; retrieved 2012-8-30.
  5. Fukushima, Glen S. "The Great Hanshin Earthquake," Japan Policy Research Institute (JPRI), March 1995; retrieved 2012-8-30.
  6. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
  7. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 2; retrieved 2012-3-13.

Other websites

Media related to Hyogo Prefecture at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 34°41′26.94″N 135°10′59.08″E / 34.6908167°N 135.1830778°E / 34.6908167; 135.1830778