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Islamic Republic

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Islamic republics shown in green.

Islamic Republic is the name given to forms of government of several states. These states often have Islam as a state religion and are governed by the principles of Sharia, islamic law. Laws made by the state cannot contradict Sharia.

The following states call themselves Islamic Republic (non-exhaustive list)

  • Iran (after Shah Pahlavi was overthrown in 1979)
  • Pakistan (Since the constitution of 1956, state founded to provide a homeland for Muslims living in Colonial India, in 1947)
  • Afghanistan (since the overthrow of the Taliban in 2001)
  • Mauritania (since 1958)
  • Sudan
  • Comoros (Federal Islamic Republic)

Despite the similar name the countries differ greatly in their governments and laws.