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Republic of the Gambia
Location of the Gambia (dark red area within circle) on the coast of West Africa.
|Mandinka, Fula, Wolof, Serer, Jola|
|Ethnic groups |
|11,295 km2 (4,361 sq mi) (164th)|
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
• 2013 census
|176.1/km2 (456.1/sq mi) (74th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (2015)||▼ 35.9|
|HDI (2018)|| 0.466|
low · 174th
|ISO 3166 code||GM|
The Gambia is officially called the Republic of the Gambia. This country is also known as Gambia. It is a country in West Africa. It is surrounded by Senegal. It is the smallest country on mainland Africa.
The geography of Gambia is unusual. It is a long, thin country. Except for its coastline it is completely surrounded by the country of Senegal. The River Gambia flows from Senegal through its centre and into the Atlantic Ocean.
The Gambia has a tropical climate. A hot and rainy season normally lasts from June until November.
Politics and government
The Gambia gained independence from the United Kingdom on 18 February 1965. It was ruled by Dawda Jawara and his People's Progressive Party (PPP) from 1965 to 1994. There was a military take-over in 1994. In 1996, Yahya Jammeh became President. Then in 2016, Adama Barrow was elected.
The Gambia is divided into eight local government areas. They are:
As of 2013, these are then divided into 43 districts.
The population of The Gambia is about 1.7 million. People from The Gambia are called Gambians. A number of people from different cultures and backgrounds live in The Gambia. Some of the largest groups are called Mandinka, Fula, Wolof and Jolo, in that order.
The American writer Alex Haley, who wrote the book Roots, found that his family came from The Gambia in the 1760s.
- "The World Factbook: Gambia, The" (in en). https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ga.html.
- "The Gambia". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2017/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=26&pr.y=15&sy=2015&ey=2022&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=648&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=.
- "GINI index (World Bank estimate) - Data". https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI?end=2015&locations=GM&start=2015&view=bar.
- "Human Development Report 2019" (in en) (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 10 December 2019. http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/2019-human-development-index-ranking. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
- There is variability in the use of the definite article, and whether it is capitalized. The British Permanent Committee on Geographical Names notes, We do have a letter dated May 1964 from the Gambian prime minister's office which instructed us that it should be The Gambia with a capital T. One of the reasons they gave was that Gambia could be confused with Zambia, which was a new name to the international community at the time. However, in running text the present Gambian government generally does not capitalize the "the", and in captions it drops the "the" altogether.
- "Banjul | national capital, The Gambia". https://www.britannica.com/place/Banjul. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- "Population of Cities in Gambia (2019)". http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/gambia-population/cities/.
- Hayward, Derek; J. S. Oguntoyinbo (1987). Climatology of West Africa. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 189. . https://books.google.com/?id=0RooGyB2f60C&pg=PA189.