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Republic of the Gambia
Location of the Gambia (dark red area within circle) on the coast of West Africa.
|Mandinka, Fula, Wolof, Serer, Jola|
|Ethnic groups |
• from the United Kingdom
|18 February 1965|
• Republic declared
|24 April 1970|
|11,295 km2 (4,361 sq mi) (164th)|
• Water (%)
• 2009 estimate
• 2003 census
|164.2/km2 (425.3/sq mi) (74th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2007)|| 0.456|
low · 168th
|ISO 3166 code||GM|
The Gambia is officially called the Republic of the Gambia. This country is also known as Gambia. It is a country in West Africa. It is surrounded by Senegal. It is the smallest country on mainland Africa.
The Geography of Gambia is unusual. It is a long, thin country. Except for its coastline it is completely surrounded by the country of Senegal. The River Gambia flows from Senegal through its centre and into the Atlantic Ocean. Gambia does not allow same sex marriage or dates.
The population of The Gambia is about 1.7 million. People from The Gambia are called Gambians. A number of people from different cultures and backgrounds live in The Gambia. Some of the largest groups are called Mandinka, Fula, and Wolof.
The American writer Alex Haley, who wrote the book Roots, found that his family came from The Gambia in the 1760s.
- CIA World Factbook.
- "The Gambia". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=23&pr.y=11&sy=2009&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=648&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
- There is variability in the use of the definite article, and whether it is capitalized. The British Permanent Committee on Geographical Names notes, We do have a letter dated May 1964 from the Gambian prime minister's office which instructed us that it should be The Gambia with a capital T. One of the reasons they gave was that Gambia could be confused with Zambia, which was a new name to the international community at the time. However, in running text the present Gambian government generally does not capitalize the "the", and in captions it drops the "the" altogether.