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John von Neumann
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John von Neumann  

John von Neumann in the 1940s  
Born  December 28, 1903 Budapest, AustrianHungarian Monarchy 
Died  February 8, 1957 Washington, D.C., United States  (aged 53)
Residence  United States 
Nationality  Hungarian, American 
Fields  Mathematics 
John von Neumann (December 28. 1903 – February 8. 1957) was a HungarianAmerican mathematician and physicist who contributed to many fields including:
 set theory
 functional analysis
 quantum mechanics
 ergodic theory
 continuous geometry
 economics
 game theory
 computer science
 numerical analysis
 systems theory
 statistics
He is generally regarded as a prodigy, polymath and one of the most important mathematicians of the 20th century.^{[1]}
He was a member of a group called the 'Martians'. They were Hungarian immigrants to the US of extraordinary intellect. Others people in this group were Edward Teller, Paul Erdős, Leó Szilárd and Eugene Wigner.
Noteworthy work
 His textbook on quantum mechanics is one of the first on this topic.
 His game theory is considered one of the most important tools in competitive strategic management and is also of high importance in biosciences.
 He is the designer of the VonNeumann architecture, which is basic to nearly all computers today.
 He was one of the first proponents of artificial intelligence. He proposed the idea of self replicating machines. This is why a machine that can replicate itself is now commonly referred to as a 'Von Neumann machine'.
 With Stanislav Ulam, he did some of the most important calculations in the Manhattan project.
 He worked at the Institute of Advanced Studies the same time as Albert Einstein, Kurt Gödel and Robert Oppenheimer
 Well known by computer scientists
 Principles are included in every modern computer, tablet or phone.
References

