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Juneteenth (also known as Freedom Day, Jubilee Day, and Liberation Day) is a holiday in the United States on June 19. It is a memory of June 19, 1865, when the slaves in Texas got their freedom and commemorates the end of slavery in the United States. The name Juneteenth is a short form of June nineteenth. In Texas it is an official state holiday. As of 2020, all other states of the United States some kind of official event is happening on June 19. Only in Hawaii there is no official event on June 19.
The first celebration of Juneteenth was in 1866. Over the years, it was sometimes more popular, and sometimes less popular. Texas was the first state to make it an official holiday in 1979. After George Floyd was killed in 2020, many corporations wanted to show their support for black rights. So, they made Juneteenth on official holiday.
Governor Wolf of Pennsylvania makes June 19 to "Juneteenth National Freedom Day"
The Juneteenth flag. Created in 1997 by Ben Faith and Lisa Jeanne Graf, the flag commemorates the end of slavery in the United States.
- "Juneteenth: Our Other Independence Day". https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/juneteenth-our-other-independence-day-16340952/.
- "Cel-Liberation Style! Fourth Annual Juneteenth Day Kicks off June 19.". Milwaukee Star. June 12, 1975. http://www.infoweb.newsbank.com/apps/readex/doc?p=EANX&docref=image/v2%3A12A7AE31A7B3CA6B%40EANX-12BA74AAA9B9AFB8%402442576-12BA74AAB9BFAD18%401-12BA74ABAE646B48%40Cel-Liberation%2BStyle%2521%2BFourth%2BAnnual%2BJuneteenth%2BDay%2BKicks%2Boff%2BJune%2B19. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
- "It Happened: June 19.". Milwaukee Star, vol. 14, no. 42. June 27, 1974. http://www.infoweb.newsbank.com/apps/readex/doc?p=EANX&docref=image/v2%3A12A7AE31A7B3CA6B%40EANX-12C56130F92C6210%402442226-12C5613126726070%404-12C561320D6419C0%40It%2BHappened%2B%253A%2BJune%2B19. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
- "Juneteenth Celebrated in Coachella". Black Voice News. June 22, 2011. Archived from the original on January 22, 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20120122071819/http://www.blackvoicenews.com/news/46366-juneteenth-celebrated-in-coachella.html.
- Cruz, Gilbert (2008-06-18). "Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews" (in en-US). Time. . http://content.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1815936,00.html. Retrieved 2020-06-19.
- CNN, Harmeet Kaur, CNN Design by Will Mullery. "The Juneteenth flag is full of symbols. Here's what they mean". https://www.cnn.com/2020/06/19/us/freedom-day-juneteenth-flag-meaning-trnd/index.html.