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Kōka (弘化) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Tenpō and before Kaei. This period started in December 1844 and ended in February 1848. During this time, the emperors were Ninkō-tennō (仁孝天皇) and Kōmei-tennō (孝明天皇).
Events of the Kōka era
- 21 February 1846 (Kōka 3, 26th day of the 1st month): Ninkō died; and the succession passed to his son (senso). Soon after, Emperor Kōmei's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- March 1846 (Kōka 3): Earthquake in Sanriku (Latitude: 39.500/Longitude: 142.000), 6.9 magnitude on the Richter Scale
- 9 May 1847 (Kōka 4): Earthquake in Nagano (Latitude: 37.000/Longitude: 138.000), 7.4 on Richter Scale
- 1848 (Kōka 5): The last subscription Noh performance of the pre-modern era.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kōka" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 546.
- Nussbaum, "Ninkō Tennō," p. 716.
- Nussbaum, "Kōmei Tennō," p. 553.
- National Diet Library, "Portraits of Modern Historical Figures"; retrieved wo11-12-14.
- Brinkley, Francis. (1893). History of the Empire of Japan, p. 349.
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 仁孝天皇 (120); retrieved 2012-5-27.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 123; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-30.
- NOAA/Japan "Significant Earthquake Database" -- U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC)
- Rath, Eric C. (2006). The Ethos of Noh: Actors And Their Art, p. 218.
- Oka, Isaburô et al. (1997). Hiroshige: Japan's Great Landscape Artist, p. 83.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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