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Republic of Kiribati
and largest city
|Ethnic groups |
|98.8% Micronesian |
|Legislature||House of Assembly|
• from the United Kingdom
|12 July 1979|
|811 km2 (313 sq mi) (186th)|
• 2010 estimate
• 2015 census
|136/km2 (352.2/sq mi) (73rd)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2013)|| 0.629|
medium · 121st
Australian dollar (AUD)
|Time zone||UTC+12, +13, +14 (GMT+12 to +14)|
|ISO 3166 code||KI|
Kiribati (pronounced "KiriBASS") is an island country located on the Pacific Ocean. It has 33 atolls, groups of tiny islands. The country is near the equator. Its capital is South Tarawa, on the Tarawa atoll.
Kiribati used to be called the Gilbert Islands. In 1892, the Gilbert Islands became a British protectorate with the Ellice Islands (nowadays known as Tuvalu), together called Gilbert and Ellice Islands. Kiribati became an independent republic in 1979.
Kiribati signed a "Treaty of Friendship and Territorial Sovereignty" (also called the "Treaty of Tarawa") with the United States in 1979. The USA gave up its claims to the islands of Canton, Enderbury, Hull, Birnie, Gardner, Phoenix, Sydney, McKean, Christmas, Caroline, Starbuck, Malden, Flint, and Vostok in that treaty. 
- "Kiribati government website". Government of Kiribati. http://www.kiribatitourism.gov.ki/index.php/aboutkiribati/aboutkiribatioverview. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- "Taneti Mamau declared new Kiribati President". http://www.pina.com.fj/?p=pacnews&m=read&o=6654746256e0cf2b3e0a0073361e53. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
- "Kiribati". International Monetary Fund. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2012/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=76&pr.y=13&sy=2009&ey=2012&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=826&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=. Retrieved 19 April 2012.