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Me Too movement
"Me Too" (or "#MeToo", with local alternatives in other languages) is a viral two-word hashtag used on social media in October 2017 to reject sexual assault and harassment, in the wake of sexual misconduct allegations against movie producer and executive Harvey Weinstein.
The phrase, long used in this sense by social activist Tarana Burke, was popularized by actress Alyssa Milano, who encouraged women to tweet it to publish their experience to reject the widespread nature of misogynistic behavior. In the manosphere, some people described the Me Too movement as misandric.
Since then, millions of people have used the hashtag to come forward with their experiences, including many celebrities.
Tens of thousands of women replied to Milano's tweet, including:
- Patricia Arquette
- Thora Birch
- Gretchen Carlson
- Sheryl Crow
- Viola Davis
- Rosario Dawson
- Ellen DeGeneres
- America Ferrera
- Lady Gaga
- Heather Graham
- Sarah Hyland
- Monica Lewinsky
- Melanie Lynskey
- Marlee Matlin
- Debra Messing
- Anna Paquin
- Pauley Perrette
- Christina Perri
- Emily Ratajkowski
- Molly Ringwald
- Anika Noni Rose
- Jenny Slate
- Gabrielle Union
- Jessica Valenti
- Elizabeth Warren
- Evan Rachel Wood
- Reese Witherspoon
On November 16, 2017, US Senator Kirsten Gillibrand of New York specifically referred to "the 'Me Too' Movement" when asked about allegations of sexual misconduct by politicians such as President Donald Trump, former President Bill Clinton, Senator Al Franken of Minnesota, and Roy Moore.
The hashtag has been used in at least 85 countries.
- France, Lisa Respers (October 16, 2017). #MeToo: Social media flooded with personal stories of assault. CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2017/10/15/entertainment/me-too-twitter-alyssa-milano/index.html. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
- Schmidt, Samantha (October 16, 2017). "#MeToo: Harvey Weinstein case moves thousands to tell their own stories of abuse, break silence". The Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2017/10/16/me-too-alyssa-milano-urged-assault-victims-to-tweet-in-solidarity-the-response-was-massive/. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
- Chuck, Elizabeth (October 16, 2017). #MeToo: Alyssa Milano promotes hashtag that becomes anti-harassment rallying cry. NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/metoo-hashtag-becomes-anti-sexual-harassment-assault-rallying-cry-n810986. Retrieved October 16, 2017.
- Guerra, Cristela (October 17, 2017). "Where'd the "Me Too" initiative really come from? Activist Tarana Burke, long before hashtags - The Boston Globe". BostonGlobe.com. https://www.bostonglobe.com/lifestyle/2017/10/17/alyssa-milano-credits-activist-tarana-burke-with-founding-metoo-movement-years-ago/o2Jv29v6ljObkKPTPB9KGP/story.html. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Khomami, Nadia (October 20, 2017). "#MeToo: how a hashtag became a rallying cry against sexual harassment". https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/oct/20/women-worldwide-use-hashtag-metoo-against-sexual-harassment.
- Edelman, Marc. "The Future of Sexual Harassment Policies at US Colleges: From Repeal of the 2011 DOE-OCR Guidelines to Launch of the# MeToo Movement on Social Media." (2018).
- "The #MeToo Movement On Social Media". Eyerys. https://www.eyerys.com/articles/timeline/metoo-movement-social-media. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
- John, Tara. "Tons of Celebrities Are Joining Alyssa Milano's 'Me Too' Protest". Time. http://time.com/4983731/me-too-alyssa-milano/. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
- Thora Birch [1107miss] (2017-10-16). "Thora Birch on Twitter: 'Oops.. Guess I missed this last night, but anyway. #MeToo'" (Tweet). https://twitter.com/1107miss/status/919966242705850369.
- Rife, Katie (October 17, 2017). "An incomplete, depressingly long list of celebrities' sexual assault and harassment stories". The A.V. Club. https://www.avclub.com/an-incomplete-depressingly-long-list-of-celebrities-se-1819628519. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
- "Björk lends voice to #MeToo campaign to detail sexual harassment at hands of Danish director". NME. October 17, 2017. http://www.nme.com/news/music/bjork-lends-voice-metoo-campaign-detail-sexual-harassment-hands-danish-director-lars-von-trier-2150898. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Mumford, Gwilym (October 11, 2017). Actor Terry Crews: I was sexually assaulted by Hollywood executive. https://www.theguardian.com/film/2017/oct/11/actor-terry-crews-sexually-assaulted-by-hollywood-executive. Retrieved October 29, 2017.
- "#MeToo: Lady Gaga, Mallika Dua and other celebrities share their experiences". The Indian Express (Indian Express Limited). October 17, 2017. . http://indianexpress.com/article/trending/trending-globally/metoo-lady-gaga-mallika-dua-and-other-celebrities-share-their-experiences-4895069/. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
- Millstein, Seth (October 15, 2017). "9 Celebrities Whose "Me Too" Tweets Lay Bare the Everyday Reality of Sexual Assault". Bustle. https://www.bustle.com/p/9-celebrities-whose-me-too-tweets-lay-bare-the-everyday-reality-of-sexual-assault-2920067. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
- "Ellen DeGeneres shares #MeToo: 'Hell hath no fury like a woman with a Twitter account'". Entertainment Weekly. October 19, 2017. http://ew.com/tv/2017/10/19/ellen-degeneres-metoo/. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- "#MeToo Floods Social Media With Stories of Harassment and Assault". The New York Times. October 16, 2017. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/16/technology/metoo-twitter-facebook.html.
- Lady Gaga, Sheryl Crow and More Tweet #MeToo To Raise Awareness for Sexual Assault. http://www.billboard.com/articles/columns/pop/7998799/metoo-harrassment-lady-gaga-sheryl-crow-twitter-more. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- "America Ferrera Says She Was Sexually Assaulted When She Was 9 Years Old". Cosmopolitan. http://www.cosmopolitan.com/entertainment/celebs/a13034861/america-ferrera-assaulted-as-child/.
- "America Ferrera's #MeToo story: I was sexually assaulted at age 9". https://www.usatoday.com/story/life/people/2017/10/17/america-ferreras-metoo-story-sexually-assaulted-age-9/771521001/. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- "As #MeToo trends, here's a list of sex scandals in tech and entertainment". Mercury News. October 16, 2017. http://www.mercurynews.com/2017/10/16/as-metoo-trends-heres-a-list-of-sex-scandals-in-tech-and-entertainment/.
- "COO of Instagram Marne Levine and Emily Ratajkowski on How the Platform Is Combatting Sexual Harassment". Marie Claire. http://www.marieclaire.com/celebrity/a13035486/marne-levine-and-emily-ratajkowski-power-trip/.
- "Women join forces against sexual assault with 'me too' social media campaign". The Christian Science Monitor. October 16, 2017. https://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Society/2017/1016/Women-join-forces-against-sexual-assault-with-me-too-social-media-campaign.
- The celebrities who have said #MeToo about sexual assault and harassment. http://cars.tampabay.com/news/perspective/the-celebrities-who-have-said-metoo-about-sexual-assault-and-harassment/2341702. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
- "Stars raise sexual assault awareness with #MeToo Twitter campaign". EW. October 16, 2017. http://ew.com/news/2017/10/16/me-too-twitter-campaign-alyssa-milano-sexual-assault-awareness/. Retrieved October 17, 2017.
- ""Me Too" trend on Twitter raises awareness about sexual assault". CBS News. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/me-too-twitter-trend-sexual-assault-awareness-alyssa-milano/. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- "Gabrielle Union Vows to 'Continue' Sexual Assault Conversation: 'It Was Wild ... to See #MeToo Trending'". US Magazine. http://www.usmagazine.com/celebrity-news/news/gabrielle-union-opens-up-about-sexual-assault-w509348.
- "'Me too': Elizabeth Warren adds her voice to campaign raising awareness of sexual harassment and assault". The Boston Globe. https://www.boston.com/news/national-news/2017/10/16/me-too-elizabeth-warren-adds-her-voice-to-campaign-raising-awareness-of-sexual-harassment-and-assault.
- Hill, Libby. Today in Entertainment: Larissa Gomes, Lena Headey accuse Harvey Weinstein of sexual harassment. http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/la-et-entertainment-news-updates-reese-witherspoon-shares-her-story-of-1508254090-htmlstory.html. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Leah, Rachel. James Van Der Beek's story of sexual abuse is a powerful reminder that men can be victims too. https://www.salon.com/2017/10/12/james-van-der-beek-tells-his-story-of-sexual-abuse-a-powerful-reminder-that-men-can-be-victims-too/. Retrieved October 18, 2017.
- Steinhauer, Jennifer (November 16, 2017). "Bill Clinton Should Have Resigned Over Lewinsky Affair, Kirsten Gillibrand Says". https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/16/us/politics/gillibrand-bill-clinton-sexual-misconduct.html.
- Strum, Laura. "Twitter chat: What #MeToo says about sexual abuse in society". PBS NewsHour. https://www.pbs.org/newshour/nation/twitter-chat-what-metoo-says-about-sexual-abuse-in-society. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
- Me too Movement movement website