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Moorland habitats are rather common in the neotropics and tropical Africa but one can find them also in small scattered places in northern and western Europe, northern Australia, North America, Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. In the tiny areas of European moorlands tend to be environments with only very few species. They are often dominated by heather. In the far more extensive moorlands of the tropics species diversity can be extremely high.
Famous moorlands in the UK
Notable areas of upland moorland in Britain include the Dark Peak, the Forest of Bowland, the Lake District, the Pennines, Mid Wales, the Southern Uplands of Scotland, the Scottish Highlands and a few very small pockets in western Herefordshire.
- Bleaklow, Dark Peak, England
- Bodmin Moor, Cornwall
- Curry and Hay Moors, Somerset, England
- Dartmoor, and Dartmoor wildlife, Devon, England
- Emley Moor, West Yorkshire, England
- Exmoor, Devon and Somerset, England
- Ilkley Moor, West Yorkshire, England
- Marston Moor and North York Moors, North Yorkshire, England
- Rannoch Moor, Highland, Scotland
- Rombalds Moor, West Yorkshire, England
- Saddleworth Moor, Pennine hills, England
- Shropshire Hills, small pockets of moorland, England
- Staffordshire Moorlands, England
- Ythan Estuary complex, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, largest coastal moorland in the United Kingdom, known for high biodiversity.
In Europe if the heather and other vegetation is left for too long, a large volume of dry and combustible material builds up. This may cause a fire which may burn out a large area. But generally moorland wildlife copes with even major fires and are easily able to recover if such intense burnings are not too frequent.