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Northern Mariana Islands

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Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas
Anthem: Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi  (Chamorro)
Satil Matawal Pacifiko  (Carolinian)
15°14′N 145°45′E / 15.233°N 145.75°E / 15.233; 145.75
Official languages
Demonym Northern Mariana Islander[1]
Government Presidential representative democracy
 -  President Barack Obama (D)[2]
 -  Governor Eloy Inos (C)
 -  Lt. Governor Jude Hofschneider (R)
 -  Delegate to U.S. Congress Gregorio Sablan (D)
Legislature Commonwealth Legislature
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Commonwealth in union with the United States
 -  Covenant 1975 
 -  Commonwealth 1978 
 -  End of trusteeship 1986 
 -  Total 463.63 km2 (196th)
179.01 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  2007 estimate 77,000 (211th)
 -  2010 census 53,833
 -  Density 168/km2 (93rd)
63.8/sq mi
Currency United States dollar (USD)
Time zone ChST (UTC+10)
Calling code +1 670
Internet TLD .mp
Location of the Northern Mariana Islands

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands is a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean that are a political division controlled by the United States. Its capital is Saipan.


The Northern Mariana Islands, together with Guam to the south, compose the Mariana Islands. The southern islands are limestone, with level terraces and fringing coral reefs. The northern islands are volcanic, with active volcanos on Anatahan, Pagan and Agrihan. The volcano on Agrihan has the highest elevation at 3,166 feet (965 m). Anatahan Volcano is a small volcanic island 80 miles (130 km) north of Saipan. It is about 6 miles (10 km) long and 2 miles (3 km) wide. Anatahan began erupting suddenly from its east crater on May 10, 2003, at about 6 p.m. (0800 UTC). It has since alternated between eruptive and calm periods. On April 6, 2005, approximately 1,800,000 cubic feet (50,970 m3) of ash and rock were ejected, causing a large, black cloud to drift south over Saipan and Tinian.


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