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Sultanate of Oman
سلطنة عُمان
Salṭanat ʻUmān
Anthem: Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani
National anthem of Oman
and largest city
23°36′N 58°33′E / 23.6°N 58.55°E / 23.6; 58.55
Official languages Arabic
Demonym Omani
Government Unitary Islamic absolute monarchy
 -  Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said
 -  Deputy Prime Minister Fahd bin Mahmoud al Said[1]
Legislature none
 -  The Azd tribe migration Late 2nd century 
 -  Imamate established[2] 751 
 -  Total 309,501 km2 (70th)
119,498 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  2013 estimate 3,869,873[3]
 -  2010 census 2,773,479[4]
 -  Density 9.2/km2 (220th)
23.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $90.055 billion[5]
 -  Per capita $29,166[5]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $76.464 billion[5]
 -  Per capita $24,764[5]
HDI (2013)Increase 0.731[6]
high · 84th
Currency Rial (OMR)
Time zone GST (UTC+4)
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTC+4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +968
Internet TLD .om, عمان.

The Sultanate of Oman is a country in the southwestern part of Asia, on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest, it also shares a marine border with Pakistan to the north-east. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, and the Gulf of Oman to the northeast.

The country is a monarchy. The capital of the Sultanate is Muscat.


Since 28 October 2011, Oman is divided into eleven governorates (muhafazah):[7][8][9]

Below the governorates, Oman is divided into provinces.


Oman has a hot climate and very little rainfall. Annual rainfall in Muscat averages 100 mm (3.9 in), falling mostly in January. Dhofar is subject to the southwest monsoon, and rainfall up to 640 mm (25.2 in) has been recorded in the rainy season from late June to October. While the mountain areas receive more rainfall, some parts of the coast, particularly near the island of Masirah, sometimes receive no rain at all within the course of a year. The climate generally is very hot, with temperatures reaching around 50 °C (122.0 °F) (peak) in the hot season, from May to September.

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