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# Oman

Sultanate of Oman

سلطنة عُمان
Salṭanat ʻUmān
Anthem:
Capital
and largest city
Muscat
Official languagesArabic
Demonym(s)Omani
GovernmentUnitary Islamic absolute monarchy
Qaboos bin Said al Said
Fahd bin Mahmoud al Said[1]
Legislaturenone
Establishment
• The Azd tribe migration
Late 2nd century
• Imamate established[2]
751
Area
• Total
309,501 km2 (119,499 sq mi) (70th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2013 estimate
3,869,873[3]
• 2010 census
2,773,479[4]
• Density
9.2/km2 (23.8/sq mi) (220th)
GDP (PPP)2012 estimate
• Total
$90.055 billion[5] • Per capita$29,166[5]
GDP (nominal)2012 estimate
• Total
$76.464 billion[5] • Per capita$24,764[5]
HDI (2013) 0.731[6]
high · 84th
CurrencyRial (OMR)
Time zoneUTC+4 (GST)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+4
Driving sideright
Calling code+968
ISO 3166 codeOM
Internet TLD.om, عمان.

The Sultanate of Oman is a country in the southwestern part of Asia, on the southeast coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, Saudi Arabia to the west, and Yemen to the southwest, it also shares a marine border with Pakistan to the north-east. The coast is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, and the Gulf of Oman to the northeast.

The country is a monarchy. The capital of the Sultanate is Muscat.

## Divisions

Since 28 October 2011, Oman is divided into eleven governorates (muhafazah):[7][8][9]

Below the governorates, Oman is divided into provinces.

## Climate

Oman has a hot climate and very little rainfall. Annual rainfall in Muscat averages 100 mm (3.9 in), falling mostly in January. Dhofar is subject to the southwest monsoon, and rainfall up to 640 mm (25.2 in) has been recorded in the rainy season from late June to October. While the mountain areas receive more rainfall, some parts of the coast, particularly near the island of Masirah, sometimes receive no rain at all within the course of a year. The climate generally is very hot, with temperatures reaching around 50 °C (122.0 °F) (peak) in the hot season, from May to September.

## References

1. "Cabinet Ministers". Government of Oman. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
2. "Oman".. MSN Encarta. “In 751 Ibadi Muslims, a moderate branch of the Kharijites, established an imamate in Oman. Despite interruptions, the Ibadi imamate survived until the mid-20th century.”
3. "Population Registered with Directorate General of Civil Status". National Center for Statistics & Information. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
4. "Final Results of Census 2010". National Center for Statistics & Information. Retrieved 7 January 2012.
5. "Oman". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
6. Governorates of Sultanate Of Oman
7. Seven new divisions created in Oman
8. Seven governorates, officials named