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|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|ATC code|| N02 |
N02 (in combinations)
|Mol. mass||315.364 g/mol|
|Synonyms||dihydrohydroxycodeinone, 14-hydroxydihydrocodeinone, 6-deoxy-7,8-dihydro-14-hydroxy-3-O-methyl-6-oxomorphine|
|Solubility in water||HCl: 166 mg/mL (20 °C)|
|Metabolism||Hepatic: primarily CYP3A and to a lesser extent, CYP2D6 to oxymorphone|
|Half life||2-4 hours.|
|Routes||oral, intramuscular, intravenous, intranasal, subcutaneous, transdermal, rectal, epidural|
Oxycodone is a synthetic opioid. It is used as an analgesic, to relieve pain. Its structure is similar to codeine. As a painkiller, it is usually marketed in drugs that combine it with paracetamol, aspirin or other NSAIDs. In some forms, the oxycodone can be extracted very easily. Some people use this as an illegal drug. Like with most other opioids, there is a high risk of addiction.
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- "Roxicodone, OxyContin (oxycodone) dosing, indications, interactions, adverse effects, and more". Medscape Reference. WebMD. http://reference.medscape.com/drug/roxicodone-oxycontin-oxycodone-343321#showall. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- Kalso E (2005). "Oxycodone". Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 29 (5S): S47–S56. . .