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Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
|Princess Alice of the United Kingdom|
Photograph by Franz Backofen, 1871
|Grand Duchess consort of Hesse and by Rhine|
|Tenure||13 June 1877 – 14 December 1878|
|Born||25 April 1843|
Buckingham Palace, London, England
|Died||14 December 1878 (aged 35)|
New Palace, Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
|Burial||18 December 1878|
Rosenhöhe, Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
|Spouse||Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse (m. 1862)|
|House||Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
|Father||Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha|
The Princess Alice (Alice Maud Mary: Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine by marriage; April 25, 1843 – December 14, 1878).
In 1862, she married Prince Louis of Hesse and moved to Hesse, where she had several children including Princess Elisabeth of Hesse, Alice Romanov Chaytow and Alexandra, future Russian Empress and wife of Tsar Nicholas II.
After an unhappy marriage and a number of family deaths, the royal family of Hesse caught diphtheria. Alice's younger son died, and after kissing the elder one, she caught the disease and died on the anniversary of her father's death, 14 December 1878. She is buried in Hesse.
Titles and styles
- 25 April 1843 – 1 July 1862: Her Royal Highness The Princess Alice
- 1 July 1862 – 13 June 1877: Her Royal Highness Princess Louis of Hesse and by Rhine
- 13 June 1877 – 14 December 1878: Her Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine
- Packard, Jerrold M. (1998). Victoria's Daughters. New York: St. Martin's Press.
- Pakula, Hannah (1995). An Uncommon Woman: The Empress Frederick. London: Phoenix Press.
- Van der Kiste, John (1986). Queen Victoria's Children. Gloucestershire, England: Sutton Publishing.
- K. D. Reynolds, ‘Alice, Princess (1843–1878)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2007 accessed 27 Nov 2008