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Privas

Privas2.jpg
A view of Privas.
Coat of arms of Privas
Administration
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Ardèche
Arrondissement Privas
Canton Privas
Intercommunality Privas Centre Ardèche
Mayor Michel Valla
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 200–750 m (660–2,460 ft)
(avg. 475 m/1,558 ft)
Land area1 12.14 km2 (4.69 sq mi)
Population2 8,313  (2014)
 - Density 685/km2 (1,770/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 07186/ 07000
Website www.mairie-privas.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Privas is a commune of France, capital (Prefecture) of the Ardèche department of the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern France. It is the smallest administrative centre of any department in France.

Today Privas is known for several confectionery made with chestnuts produced in the region, as the marron glacé.

History

When the department of Ardèche was created on 4 March 1790, the capital was Privas alternating with Annonay, Aubenas, Le Bourg(-Saint-Andéol) and Tournon. In September of that year, Privas became the only capital of the department.[1]

Geography

The commune of Privas is in the central eastern part of the Ardèche department, in the valley of the Ouvèze river, a tributary of the Rhône river. The commune of Privas is in the centre of a region known as the "Bassin Privadois".

The commune has an area of 12.1 km2 (4.7 sq mi),[2] and its average altitude is 475 m (1,558 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 298 m (978 ft).[3]

The distances from Privas to other cities are:[4]

Privas and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Privas

Privas is surrounded by the communes:

Climate

The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Largentière is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype "Cfb".[4]

Population

The inhabitants of Privas are known, in French, as Privadois (women: Privadoises).[5]

With a population of 8,313,[6] Privas has a population density of 685 inhabitants/km2. It is the prefecture with fewest people living in it.

Evolution of the population in Privas <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:12000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:1200 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:600 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:a text:1968
bar:b text:1975
bar:c text:1982
bar:d text:1990
bar:e text:1999
bar:f text:2005
bar:g text:2010
bar:h text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:a from:0 till: 10080
bar:b from:0 till: 10808
bar:c from:0 till: 10345
bar:d from:0 till: 10080
bar:e from:0 till: 9170
bar:f from:0 till: 8681
bar:g from:0 till: 8369
bar:h from:0 till: 8313

PlotData=

bar:a at: 10080 fontsize:S text: 10,080 shift:(-12,5)
bar:b at: 10808 fontsize:S text: 10,808 shift:(-13,5)
bar:c at: 10345 fontsize:S text: 10,345 shift:(-13,5)
bar:d at: 10080 fontsize:S text: 10,080 shift:(-13,5)
bar:e at: 9170 fontsize:S text: 9,170 shift:(-13,5)
bar:f at: 8681 fontsize:S text: 8,681 shift:(-13,5)
bar:g at: 8369 fontsize:S text: 8,369 shift:(-13,5)
bar:h at: 8313 fontsize:S text: 8,313 shift:(-13,5)

</timeline>

Administration

Privas is the prefecture of the Ardèche department since 1800. It is also the capital of the arrondissement of Privas and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of the canton Privas, formed by 15 communes, including Privas, with 20,402 inhabitants (2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Privas Centre Ardèche, officially named as Communauté d'agglomération Privas Centre Ardèche.

Sister cities

Privas is twinned with:

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. "Historique de l'Ardèche" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/07his.html. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  2. "Commune de Privas (07186)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=COM-07186. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  3. "City of Privas". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Privas-07000/. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Ville de Privas" (in French). Annuaire-Mairie.fr. http://www.annuaire-mairie.fr/ville-privas.html. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  5. "Ardèche" (in French). habitants.fr. https://www.habitants.fr/ardeche-07. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 
  6. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep07.pdf. Retrieved 27 September 2017. 

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