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Flag of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in France
Location of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in France
Coordinates: 43°15′N 0°50′E / 43.250°N 0.833°E / 43.250; 0.833Coordinates: 43°15′N 0°50′E / 43.250°N 0.833°E / 43.250; 0.833
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
Département4 March 1790
PrefecturePau
SubprefecturesBayonne, Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Government
 • PresidentJean-Jacques Lasserre
Area
 • Total7,644.8 km2 (2,951.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total667,249
 • Density87.2814/km2 (226.0578/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-64
Arrondissements3
Cantons27
Communes546
Websitehttp://www.le64.fr

Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Basque: Pirinio-Atlantiarrak or Pirinio-Atlantikoak) is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of France. It takes its name from the Pyrenees mountains and the Atlantic Ocean.

History

Pyrénées-Atlantiques is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790, with the name of Basses-Pyrénées. It was created from parts of the old provinces of Guyenne, Béarn, and Gascony.

The new department had six districts: Mauléon, Oloron, Orthez, Pau, Saint- Palais and Ustaritz.

The first prefecture was Navarrenx but then it was moved to Pau; in 1795, the prefecture was moved to Saint-Palais but in 1796 it was returned to Pau.[4]

On 10 October 1969, the name of the department was changed from Basses-Pyrénées to Pyrénées-Atlantiques.[4]

Geography

Map of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques

Pyrénées-Atlantiques is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, southwestern France, and is the 10th French department in area with 7,644.8 km2 (2,952 sq mi).[2]

There are two small territorial enclaves—a remnant from the Middle Ages— that are part of the neighboring Hautes-Pyrénées department.

The department is surrounded by the departments:

and by Spain to the south and the Bay of Biscay (Atlantic Ocean) to the west.

The Pyrenees mountain range is found in the southern part of the department and goes, east to west, from the Col d'Aubisque, a mountain pass 30 km (19 mi) south of Tarbes and Pau, to the mouth of the river Bidasoa.

The Pic Palas (42°50′58″N 0°18′48″E / 42.84944°N 0.31333°E / 42.84944; 0.31333 (Palas)), at 2,974 m (9,757 ft), is the highest point of the department and also the highest of the Aquitaine region; it is on the border with Spain.[5]

The main river of the department is the Adour and all rivers in the department, except for some coastal small rivers, flow into this river. Other important rivers are the Gaves réunis, formed by the rivers Gave d'Oloron and Gave de Pau, and the Nive.

Climate

The climate of Pau is Marine West Coast Climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), with mild winters and warm summers.[6]

The average temperature for the year in Pau is 13.5 °C (56.3 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 20.7 °C (69.3 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 6.6 °C (43.9 °F).

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Pau is 1,051.6 mm (41.4 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is December with 104.1 mm (4.1 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 73.7 mm (2.9 in).[6]

Climate data for Uzein (Pau), Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
7.4
(45.3)
10.0
(50)
11.9
(53.4)
15.6
(60.1)
18.7
(65.7)
20.7
(69.3)
20.7
(69.3)
18.2
(64.8)
14.7
(58.5)
9.8
(49.6)
7.2
(45)
13.46
(56.23)
Rainfall mm (inches) 84.9
(3.343)
74.7
(2.941)
79.2
(3.118)
73.1
(2.878)
97.9
(3.854)
88.3
(3.476)
86.6
(3.409)
79.1
(3.114)
89
(3.5)
100.4
(3.953)
94.2
(3.709)
103.8
(4.087)
1,051.2
(41.386)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration

The department is managed by the Departamental Council of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques in Pau. Pyrénées-Atlantiques is part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 27 cantons and 546 communes (municipalities) in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques.[7]

INSEE
Code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
641 Bayonne Bayonne 287,546 2,269.9 126.7 122
642 Oloron-Sainte-Marie Oloron-Sainte-Marie 74,614 2,884.9 25.9 155
643 Pau Pau 305,089 2,490.0 122.5 269

The following is a list of the 27 cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

  1. Anglet (6401)
  2. Artix et Pays de Soubestre (6402)
  3. Baïgura et Mondarrain (6403)
  4. Bayonne-1 (6404)
  5. Bayonne-2 (6405)
  6. Bayonne-3 (6406)
  7. Biarritz (6407)
  8. Billère et Coteaux de Jurançon (6408)
  9. Le Cœur de Béarn (6409)
  10. Hendaye-Côte Basque-Sud (6410)
  11. Lescar, Gave et Terres du Pont-Long (6411)
  12. Montagne Basque (6412)
  13. Nive-Adour (6413)
  14. Oloron-Sainte-Marie-1 (6414)
  15. Oloron-Sainte-Marie-2 (6415)
  16. Orthez et Terres des Gaves et du Sel (6416)
  17. Ouzom, Gave et Rives du Neez (6417)
  18. Pau-1 (6418)
  19. Pau-2 (6419)
  20. Pau-3 (6420)
  21. Pau-4 (6421)
  22. Pays de Bidache, Amikuze et Ostibarre (6422)
  23. Pays de Morlaàs et du Montanérès (6423)
  24. Saint-Jean-de-Luz (6424)
  25. Terres des Luys et Coteaux du Vic-Bilh (6425)
  26. Ustaritz-Vallées de Nive et Nivelle (6426)
  27. Vallées de l'Ousse et du Lagoin (6427)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques are known, in French, as Basques et Béarnais (women: Basques et Béarnaises).[11] The Basques live mainly in the western part of the department and the Béarnais in the eastern part. From 1790 to 1969, before the change of the name of the department, the inhabitants of this departmente were known as Bas-Pyrénéens.

The Pyrénées-Atlantiques has a population, in 2014, of 667,249,[3] for a population density of 87.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Pau, with 305,089 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Bayonne and Oloron-Sainte-Marie, have respectively 287,546 and 74,614 inhabitants.[8]

Evolution of the population in Pyrénées-Atlantiques <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:700000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:100000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:50000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2008 text:2008
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 508734
bar:1975 from:0 till: 534748
bar:1982 from:0 till: 555696
bar:1990 from:0 till: 578516
bar:1999 from:0 till: 600018
bar:2008 from:0 till: 647420
bar:2014 from:0 till: 667249

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 508734 fontsize:S text: 508,734 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1975 at: 534748 fontsize:S text: 534,748 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 555696 fontsize:S text: 555,696 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 578516 fontsize:S text: 578,516 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 600018 fontsize:S text: 600,018 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2008 at: 647420 fontsize:S text: 647,420 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 667249 fontsize:S text: 667,249 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

- -

The city with more people living in it is the capital, Pau, with 77,489 inhabitants, the 11.6% of the total population of the department. The subprefectures of Bayonne and Oloron-Sainte-Marie have, respectively, 48,178 inhabitants (7.2%) and 10,824 inhabitants (1.6%).[8]

The main cities in the department are:

Petit Bayonne, a view across the Nive River
City Population[8]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Pau 77,489 Pau
Bayonne (Basque: Baiona) 48,178 Bayonne
Anglet (Basque: Angelu) 38,633 Bayonne
Biarritz (Basque: Miarritze) 24,713 Bayonne
Hendaye (Basque: Hendaia) 16,783 Bayonne
Saint-Jean-de-Luz
(Basque: Donibane Lohitzun)
13,431 Bayonne
Billère 13,336 Pau
Lons 12,616 Pau
Oloron-Sainte-Marie 10,824 Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Orthez 10,722 Pau

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. "Le président, Jean-Jacques Lasserre" (in French). Les Pyrénées-Atlantiques. http://www.le64.fr/les-pyrenees-atlantiques/le-departement/le-president-jean-jacques-lasserre.html. Retrieved 5 November 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département des Pyrénées-Atlantiques (64) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Publications et statistiques pour la France ou les régions. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/comparateur.asp?codgeo=DEP-64. Retrieved 5 November 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014: Recensement de la population - Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique des Pyrénées-Atlantiques" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/64his.html. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  5. "Pic Palas, France/Spain". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9771. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Uzein, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598837&cityname=Uzein%2C+Aquitaine%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  7. "Département des Pyrénées-Atlantiques (64)" (in French). Géographie administrative et d'étude. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP64-pyrenees-atlantiques. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep64.pdf. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  9. "Département des Pyrénées-Atlantiques (64)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-64+ARR-641+ARR-642+ARR-643. Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  10. "Décret n° 2014-248 du 25 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département des Pyrénées-Atlantiques" (in French). Légifrance.gouv.fr. http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000028661520. Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  11. "Pyrénées-Atlantiques (64)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_pyrenees-atlantiques_64.html. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 

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