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Flag of Gers
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Gers in France
Location of Gers in France
Coordinates: 43°39′N 0°35′E / 43.650°N 0.583°E / 43.650; 0.583
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
Département4 March 1790
PrefectureAuch
SubprefecturesCondom, Mirande
Government
 • PresidentPhilippe Martin[1]
Area
 • Total6,256.8 km2 (2,415.8 sq mi)
Population
 (2014)[3]
 • Total190,625
 • Density30.4669/km2 (78.9088/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeFR-32
Arrondissements3
Cantons17
Communes462
Websitewww.gers.fr/

Gers (Gascon: Gers) is a department in the Occitanie region in the southwest of France named after the Gers river.

History

Gers is one of the 83 French departments made during the French revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the old provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

The new department had six districts: Auch, Lectoure, Condom, Nogaro, L'Isle-Jourdain and Mirande. The capital (now prefecture) was Auch.[4]

in 1808, part of the Gers department was transferred to the new Tarn-et-Garonne department'.[4]

Geography

Summer in Gers. In the background, the Pyrenees.

Gers is known for its hilly landscape and bastide villages. The Pyrenees are visible to the south.

Gers is part of the Occitanie region, and is the 34th French department in area with 6,256.8 km2 (2,416 sq mi).[2]

The department is surrounded by six departments in two regions:

The main rivers of the department are the Garonne and the Gers, a left tributary of the Garonne. Other rivers are Save, Gimone, Arrats, Baïse and Osse.

The highest point in the department is Mont de Chapelle Saint Roch (43°21′20″N 00°30′09″E / 43.35556°N 0.50250°E / 43.35556; 0.50250 (Mont de Chapelle Saint Roch)), in west central Pyrénées near the border with the Hautes-Pyrénées department, with an altitude of 377 m (1,237 ft).[5]

Climate

The climate of Gers is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[6]

The annual rainfall in the department varies from over 900 mm (35.4 in) in the southwest of the department, to less than 700 mm (27.6 in) in the northeast (Auch, Condom and Lectoure).

Summers are very hot and dry, the temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F). Winters vary, often with frost, but the climate remains mild and dry.

Climate data for Auch, Gers, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.8
(53.2)
15.1
(59.2)
17.6
(63.7)
21.5
(70.7)
25.3
(77.5)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
24.9
(76.8)
19.9
(67.8)
13.7
(56.7)
10.4
(50.7)
18.85
(65.93)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
6.8
(44.2)
9.5
(49.1)
11.9
(53.4)
15.8
(60.4)
19.4
(66.9)
21.6
(70.9)
21.4
(70.5)
18.5
(65.3)
14.5
(58.1)
9.3
(48.7)
6.3
(43.3)
13.41
(56.14)
Average low °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39)
6.2
(43.2)
10
(50)
13.4
(56.1)
15.2
(59.4)
14.9
(58.8)
12
(54)
9.1
(48.4)
4.8
(40.6)
2.1
(35.8)
7.9
(46.22)
Rainfall mm (inches) 40.3
(1.587)
31.6
(1.244)
37.8
(1.488)
61.4
(2.417)
84.6
(3.331)
68.4
(2.693)
58.8
(2.315)
64.3
(2.531)
75
(2.95)
72.1
(2.839)
54.6
(2.15)
43.1
(1.697)
692
(27.244)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Administration

The department is managed by the Departamental Council of the Gers in Auch. Gers is part of the region of Occitanie.

Administrative divisions

There are 3 arrondissements (districts), 17 cantons and 462 communes (municipalities) in Gers.[7]

Arrondissements of the Gers department
INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population[8]
(2014)
Area[9]
(km²)
Density
(Inh./km²)
Communes
321 Auch Auch 87,118 2,133.9 40.8 154
322 Condom Condom 65,562 2,436.8 26.9 158
323 Mirande Mirande 37,945 1,686.1 22.5 150

The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Gers department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:[10]

  1. Adour-Gersoise (3201)
  2. Armagnac-Ténarèze (3202)
  3. Astarac-Gimone (3203)
  4. Auch-1 (3204)
  5. Auch-2 (3205)
  6. Auch-3 (3206)
  7. Baïse-Armagnac (3207)
  8. Fezensac (3208)
  9. Fleurance-Lomagne (3209)
  10. Gascogne-Auscitaine (3210)
  11. Gimone-Arrats (3211)
  12. Grand-Bas-Armagnac (3212)
  13. L'Isle-Jourdain (3213)
  14. Lectoure-Lomagne (3214)
  15. Mirande-Astarac (3215)
  16. Pardiac-Rivière-Basse (3216)
  17. Val de Save (3217)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Gers are known, in French, as Gersois (women: Gersoises).[11]

Gers has a population, in 2014, of 190,625,[3] for a population density of 30.5 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Auch, with 87,118 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other two, Condom and Mirande, have respectively 65,562 and 37,945 inhabitants.[8]

Evolution of the population in Gers <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:220000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:40000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:20000 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2008 text:2008
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 181577
bar:1975 from:0 till: 175366
bar:1982 from:0 till: 174154
bar:1990 from:0 till: 174587
bar:1999 from:0 till: 172335
bar:2008 from:0 till: 185266
bar:2014 from:0 till: 190625

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 181577 fontsize:S text: 181,577 shift:(-13,5)
bar:1975 at: 175366 fontsize:S text: 175,366 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 174154 fontsize:S text: 174,154 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 174587 fontsize:S text: 174,587 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 172335 fontsize:S text: 172,335 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2008 at: 185266 fontsize:S text: 185,266 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 190625 fontsize:S text: 190,625 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

The old town, Auch.

The 10 most important cities in the department are:

City Population[8]
(2014)
Arrondissement
Auch 21,807 Auch
L'Isle-Jourdain 8,345 Auch
Condom 6,835 Condom
Fleurance 6,292 Condom
Eauze 3,851 Condom
Lectoure 3,724 Condom
Mirande 3,527 Mirande
Vic-Fezensac 3,525 Auch
Gimont 2,922 Auch
Pavie 2,476 Auch

Economy

The economy in Gers revolves primarily around agriculture and culinary tourism. The department is a producer of maize, wheat, rapeseed, sunflower.

Some well-known products of the region are:

Gallery

Related pages

References

  1. "Les Conseillers Départamentaux" (in French). Conseil départemental du Gers. http://www.gers.fr/index.php?tg=oml&file=cg.html&cat=3&souscat=4&art=3. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Département du Gers (32) - Résumé statistique" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-32. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Populations légales 2014 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/2525762?sommaire=2525768. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Historique du Gers" (in French). Le SPLAF. http://splaf.free.fr/32his.html. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  5. "Mont de Chapelle Saint Roch, France". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=29285. Retrieved 22 September 2016. 
  6. "Auch, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598817&cityname=Auch%2C+Midi-Pyr%E9n%E9es%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  7. "Département du Gers (32)" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/metadonnees/cog/departement/DEP32-gers. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep32.pdf. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  9. "Département du Gers (32)" (in French). Comparateur de territoire. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. https://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/1405599?geo=DEP-32+ARR-321+ARR-322+ARR-323. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  10. Décret n° 2014-254 du 26 février 2014 portant délimitation des cantons dans le département du Gers
  11. "Gers (32)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_departement_gers_32.html. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 

Other websites

Coordinates: 43°39′N 0°35′E / 43.650°N 0.583°E / 43.650; 0.583