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Auch

Auch1.jpg
Cathedral in the town centre.
Coat of arms of Auch
Administration
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Gers
Arrondissement Auch
Canton Auch-1
Auch-2
Auch-3
Intercommunality Grand Auch
Mayor Franck Montaugé
(2014–2020)
Statistics
Elevation 115–281 m (377–922 ft)
(avg. 166 m/545 ft)
Land area1 72.48 km2 (27.98 sq mi)
Population2 21,960  (2012)
 - Density 303/km2 (780/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 32013/ 32000
Website www.mairie-auch.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Auch (Gascon: Aush or Aux) is a commune in southwestern France, in the region of Occitanie. It is the prefecture (capital) of the Gers department. It is also the capital of 3 cantons: Auch-1, Auch-2 and Auch-3.

Auch is the historical capital of Gascony and the people of this city are known, in French, as auscitain (women: auscitaines).[1]

History

Auch in 1883

Auch is an ancient town. The name of Auch comes from the people that inhabited the area at the time of the Roman conquest. The name of this tribe was Ausci, singular Auscus.

The Romans named the town where that tribe lived as Augusta Auscorum (or Augusta Ausciorum), which means "Augusta of the Ausci". Eventually, Augusta was dropped, and the name changed into modern Gascon Aush, and modern French Auch.

Geography

The old city

Auch is in the southwest of France, in Armagnac (Gascony), in the valley of the Gers river. It extends along the sides of the river that gives its name to the department.

The river splits the city in two parts:

  • The Upper Town (French: Haute-Ville), on a small hill on the right side of the river. It is a medieval city with narrow streets with stairs and where most of the old monuments are found.
  • The Lower Town (French: Basse-Ville), on a plain on the left side of the river.

The commune is, in straight line, at 75 km (47 mi) from the Pyrenees, 150 km (93 mi) from the Bay of Biscay, 160 km (99 mi) from Bordeaux, 70 km (43 mi) from Toulouse and 85 km (53 mi) from Pau.

It has an area of 72.48 km2 (27.98 sq mi) and its average altitude is 166 m (545 ft).

Auch and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Auch

Auch is surrounded by the following communes, all of them part of the arrondissement of Auch: Roquelaure to the north, Preignan and Montaut-les-Créneaux to the northeast, Leboulin and Montégut to the east, Pessan to the southeast, Pavie to the south, Lasséran and Barran to the southwest, Ordan-Larroque and Duran to the west and Castin and Castillon-Massas to the northwest.

Climate

The climate of the department is an oceanic climate with template summers, Cfb (Marine West Coast Climate) in the Köppen climate classification.[2]

The average temperature for the year in Auch is 13.4 °C (56.1 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 21.6 °C (70.9 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 5.9 °C (42.6 °F).

The highest recorded temperature in Auch is 40.9 °C (105.6 °F), which was recorded in August. The lowest recorded temperature in Auch is −20 °C (−4 °F), which was recorded in January.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Auch is 690.9 mm (27.2 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 83.8 mm (3.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 30.5 mm (1.2 in).[2]

Climate data for Auch, Gers, France
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
11.8
(53.2)
15.1
(59.2)
17.6
(63.7)
21.5
(70.7)
25.3
(77.5)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
24.9
(76.8)
19.9
(67.8)
13.7
(56.7)
10.4
(50.7)
18.85
(65.93)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
6.8
(44.2)
9.5
(49.1)
11.9
(53.4)
15.8
(60.4)
19.4
(66.9)
21.6
(70.9)
21.4
(70.5)
18.5
(65.3)
14.5
(58.1)
9.3
(48.7)
6.3
(43.3)
13.41
(56.14)
Average low °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39)
6.2
(43.2)
10
(50)
13.4
(56.1)
15.2
(59.4)
14.9
(58.8)
12
(54)
9.1
(48.4)
4.8
(40.6)
2.1
(35.8)
7.9
(46.22)
Rainfall mm (inches) 40.3
(1.587)
31.6
(1.244)
37.8
(1.488)
61.4
(2.417)
84.6
(3.331)
68.4
(2.693)
58.8
(2.315)
64.3
(2.531)
75
(2.95)
72.1
(2.839)
54.6
(2.15)
43.1
(1.697)
692
(27.244)
Source: Weatherbase.com [1]

Population

The city of Auch has a population, in 2014, of 21,807;[3] its population density is of 301 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Auch <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:25000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:5000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:2500 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2011 text:2011
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 21462
bar:1975 from:0 till: 23185
bar:1982 from:0 till: 23258
bar:1990 from:0 till: 23136
bar:1999 from:0 till: 21838
bar:2006 from:0 till: 21545
bar:2011 from:0 till: 21871
bar:2014 from:0 till: 21807

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 21462 fontsize:S text: 21,462 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1975 at: 23185 fontsize:S text: 23,185 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1982 at: 23258 fontsize:S text: 23,258 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1990 at: 23136 fontsize:S text: 23,136 shift:(-18,5)
bar:1999 at: 21838 fontsize:S text: 21,838 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2006 at: 21545 fontsize:S text: 21,545 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2011 at: 21871 fontsize:S text: 21,871 shift:(-18,5)
bar:2014 at: 21807 fontsize:S text: 21,807 shift:(-18,5)

</timeline>

Administration

Auch is the prefecture of the Cantal department, the capital of the arrondissement of Auch and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of three cantons:

  1. Auch-1 : 5 communes + part of Auch with 11,098 inhabitants (2014)
  2. Auch-2 : 13 communes + part of Auch with 10,298 inhabitants (2014)
  3. Auch-3 : 9 communes + part of Auch with 11,390 inhabitants (2014)

It is part of the intercommunality Le Grand Auch (French: Le Grand Auch Cœur de Gascogne Agglomération).

Sister cities

Auch is twinned with:

Places of interest

A city founded by the Romans, Auch had its period of power during the Middle Ages, when it was the capital of the old province of Gascony. The high quality of the limestone is an important component of its monuments and buildings, such as its cathedral.

Some of these places of interest are:

  • Cathédrale Sainte-Marie d'Auch (St Mary's Cathedral). This cathedral took 200 years to build; from the 15th – 17th centuries.
  • Hôtel de ville (City hall).
  • Tour d'Armagnac (Tower of Armagnac). An ancient prison from the 14th century
  • Escalier monumental (Monumental Staircase). 370 steps built in 1863
  • Musée des Jacobins
  • Pont de la Treille

Gallery

The Basse-Ville from the monumental staircase

Related pages

References

  1. "Auch" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_auch_32013.html. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Auch, France - Köppen Climate Classification". Weatherbase. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather-summary.php3?s=598817&cityname=Auch%2C+Midi-Pyr%E9n%E9es%2C+France&units=. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  3. "Régions, départements, arrondissements, cantons et communes" (in French) (PDF). Populations légales 2014. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/statistiques/fichier/2525755/dep32.pdf. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 

Other websites