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Tarbes
Tarba

Jardin massey tarbes 6.jpg
Tarbes, Musée des Beaux-Arts
Coat of arms of Tarbes
Administration
Country France
Region Midi-Pyrénées
Department Hautes-Pyrénées
Arrondissement Tarbes
Canton Chief town of 3 cantons
Intercommunality Le Grand Tarbes
Mayor Gérard Trémège
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 284–326 m (932–1,070 ft)
(avg. 304 m/997 ft)
Land area1 15.33 km2 (5.92 sq mi)
Population2 40,900  (2014)
 - Density 2,668/km2 (6,910/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 65440/ 65000
Website www.tarbes.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Tarbes (Occitan: Tarba) is a commune in the Hautes-Pyrénées department in the Occitanie region in southwestern France. It is part of the historical region of Gascony and is the capital since 1790 of the Hautes-Pyrénées department.

It is the second largest metropolitan area of the old Midi-Pyrénées region, after Toulouse.

Name

The city is named for the first time during the 5th century like Civitas Turba ubi castrum Bigorra. It is also an important city of the Novempopulania.[N 1] Gregory of Tours, in the 7th century, called the city as Talvam vicum.

During the Middle Ages, the city was named as Tarbe (1214), Tursa, Tarvia (1284) and also Tarbia.

History

Notre-Dame-de-la-Sède cathedral, Tarbes (Hautes-Pyrénées, France).

A small town founded in the 3rd century B.C. became a Roman colony under the name of Tarba. It was destroyed by the Vikings in 840 and rebuilt by the Bishop of Bigorre or Tarbes.

From the twelfth century on, Tarbes became the capital of the County of Bigorre.[N 2] During the religious wars, the cathedral was burnt in 1569 by Protestants but the bishop had it rebuilt in 1652.

In 1790, Tarbes became the capital of the new department of Hautes-Pyrénées.

Geography

Tarbes is located in the southwest of France, at the foot of the Pyrenees, in a fertile plain of the valley of the river Adour, at 20 km (12 mi) to the northeast of Lourdes, 70 km (43 mi) to the southeast of Auch, 144 km (89 mi) to the east of Bayonne and 155 km (96 mi) to the southwest of Toulouse.

It has an area of 15.33 km2 (6 sq mi) and its average altitude is 304 m (997 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 311 m (1,020 ft).[1]

Two rivers flow through the city: the Adour by the east and the Échez by the west.

Neighboring municipalities

Tarbes and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune de Tarbes

The following municipalities (communes) are around Tarbes:

Climate

Tarbes has an oceanic climate with relatively hot summers, mild winters and abundant rainfall, Cfb in the Köppen climate classification.[2]

Climate data for Tarbes, France (altitude 360m, 1981–2010) (Source: Météo-France, Infoclimat.fr)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
11.3
(52.3)
14.2
(57.6)
15.8
(60.4)
19.5
(67.1)
22.8
(73)
25.1
(77.2)
25.2
(77.4)
22.8
(73)
19.0
(66.2)
13.7
(56.7)
11.0
(51.8)
17.56
(63.61)
Average low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
1.5
(34.7)
3.7
(38.7)
5.6
(42.1)
9.5
(49.1)
12.8
(55)
14.9
(58.8)
14.9
(58.8)
11.9
(53.4)
8.7
(47.7)
4.3
(39.7)
1.8
(35.2)
7.55
(45.59)
Precipitation mm (inches) 95.0
(3.74)
81.1
(3.193)
87.0
(3.425)
111.7
(4.398)
111.6
(4.394)
78.0
(3.071)
56.0
(2.205)
68.1
(2.681)
71.6
(2.819)
88.1
(3.469)
102.5
(4.035)
96.7
(3.807)
1,047.4
(41.236)
Source #1: climat.meteofrance.com[3]
Source #2: infoclimat.fr[4]

Population

The inhabitants of Tarbes are known, in French, as Tarbais (women: Tarbaises).[5]

The city of Tarbes has a population, in 2014, of 40,900;[6] its population density is of 2,668 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Tarbes <timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.7)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:500 height:373 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:30 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:60000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:5000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:2500 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo

BarData=

bar:1968 text:1968
bar:1975 text:1975
bar:1982 text:1982
bar:1990 text:1990
bar:1999 text:1999
bar:2006 text:2006
bar:2011 text:2011
bar:2014 text:2014

PlotData=

color:barra width:30 align:left
bar:1968 from:0 till: 55375
bar:1975 from:0 till: 54897
bar:1982 from:0 till: 51422
bar:1990 from:0 till: 47566
bar:1999 from:0 till: 46275
bar:2006 from:0 till: 45433
bar:2011 from:0 till: 42888
bar:2014 from:0 till: 40900

PlotData=

bar:1968 at: 55375 fontsize:S text: 55,375 shift:(-12,5)
bar:1975 at: 54897 fontsize:S text: 54,897 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1982 at: 51422 fontsize:S text: 51422 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1990 at: 47566 fontsize:S text: 47,566 shift:(-15,5)
bar:1999 at: 46275 fontsize:S text: 46275 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2006 at: 45433 fontsize:S text: 45,433 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2011 at: 42888 fontsize:S text: 42,888 shift:(-15,5)
bar:2014 at: 40900 fontsize:S text: 40,900 shift:(-15,5)

</timeline>

Administration

Tarbes is the prefecture of the Hautes-Pyrénées department since 1790. It is also the capital of three Cantons:

  1. Tarbes-1, formed with a part of Tarbes (13,514 inhabitants) (2014)
  2. Tarbes-2, formed with a part of Tarbes (13,402 inhabitants) (2014)
  3. Tarbes-3, formed with a part of Tarbes (13,984 habitants) (2014)

It is part of the intercommunality Le Grand Tarbes (French: Communauté d'agglomération du Grand Tarbes).

Sister cities

Tarbes is twinned with:[7]

Transport

The Gare de Tarbes railway station offers direct connections with Paris, Bordeaux, Toulouse, Bayonne and other cities in the region. There is a motorway that connects Tarbes with Bayonne and Toulouse. Tarbes is also served by the small Tarbes-Lourdes-Pyrénées Airport situated 10 kilometers away of the city centre.

Education

Gallery

Related pages

Notes

  1. Novempopulania ("country of the nine peoples") was a Roman province, also called Aquitania Tertia.
  2. In this case, "county" (French: Comté) means "land under a count (the British earl)".

References

Other websites