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Objectives of the earthquake engineering
The main goals of earthquake engineering are:
- Understand what happens between buildings and the ground.
- Understand what strong earthquakes or tsunamis might do to building structures.
- Design, build and maintain structures to last during an earthquake while following building codes.
A properly engineered structure does not necessarily have to be extremely strong or expensive.
To test seismic performance of a building structure with experiments, it is may be put on a shake-table that behaves like the earth shaking. The earliest shake-table experiments were performed more than a century ago 
Tsunami preparedness and protection
Tsunami or a chain of fast moving waves in the ocean caused, mostly, by powerful earthquakes is a very serious challenge for people's safety and for tsunami protection of buildings and civil infrastructure. Those waves can flood coastal areas, destroy houses and even swipe away whole towns.
- Berg, Glen V. (1983). Seismic Design Codes and Procedures. EERI. .
- Omori, F. (1900). Seismic Experiments on the Fracturing and Overturning of Columns. Publ. Earthquake Invest. Comm. In Foreign Languages, N.4, Tokyo.
- "USGS Poster of the Near the East Coast of Honshu, Japan Earthquake of 11 March 2011 - Magnitude 8.9". https://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/usc0001xgp.php.
- "Pacific Tsunamy Warning Center". http://ptwc.weather.gov/.
- Naseri, Farzad; Bagherzadeh Khalkhali, Ahad (2018-10-01). "Evaluation of Seismic Performance of Concrete Gravity Dams Under Soil-structure-reservoir Interaction Exposed to Vertical Component of Near-field Earthquakes During Impounding Case study: Pine Flat Dam". Journal of civil Engineering and Materials Application 2 (4): 181–191. . http://www.jcema.com/article_91999.html.