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State of Palestine

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State of Palestine[i]

دولة فلسطينLua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found. (Arabic)
Dawlat Filasṭīn
Flag of Palestine
Territory claimed by the State of Palestine (green)[3]Territory also claimed by Israel (light green)
Territory claimed by the State of Palestine (green)[3]
Territory also claimed by Israel (light green)
StatusPartially recognized state, UN observer state
Recognized by 138 UN member states
  • Proclaimed capital
  • Administrative
Official languagesArabic
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic[6]
• President
Mahmoud Abbasb
Mohammad Shtayyeh
Salim Zanoun
LegislatureNational Council
15 November 1988
29 November 2012
• Sovereignty dispute with Israel
• Total
6,020[9] km2 (2,320 sq mi) (163rd)
• Water (%)
5,655 km2
365 km2[11]
• 2020 estimate
5,051,953[12] (121st)
• Density
731/km2 (1,893.3/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2008a estimate
• Total
$11.95 billiona ()
• Per capita
$2,900a ()
Gini (2009)35.5[13]
HDI (2018)Increase 0.690[14]
medium · 119th
Time zoneUTC+2 (Palestine Standard Time)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (Palestine Summer Time)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+970
ISO 3166 codePS
  1. Population and economy statistics and rankings are based on data from the PCBS.
  2. Also the leader of the state's government.[iv]
  3. The territory claimed is under Israeli occupation.

The State of Palestine, also known simply as Palestine, is a de jure sovereign state in the Middle East with East Jerusalem as its capital.[16][17] It is recognized by 141 United Nations members. Since 2012 it has non-member observer status in the United Nations. This amounts to a de facto, or implicit, recognition of statehood.[18][19][20]

The State of Palestine claims the West Bank and the Gaza Strip as its territory. Its independence was declared on 15 November 1988.


  1. "Palestinian National Authority". Ben Cahoon. 
  2. "Palestine" (includes audio). 
  3. "Ban sends Palestinian application for UN membership to Security Council". 23 September 2011. 
  4. Bissio, Robert Remo, ed. (1995). The World: A Third World Guide 1995–96. Montevideo: Instituto del Tercer Mundo. p. 443. ISBN 978-0-85598-291-1 . 
  5. Lapidoth, Ruth (2011). "Jerusalem: Some Legal Issues" (PDF). p. 26. "The attitude of the Palestinians was expressed inter alia in 1988 and 2002. When the Palestine National Council proclaimed in November 1988 the establishment of a Palestinian State, it asserted that Jerusalem was its capital. In October 2002, the Palestinian Legislative Council adopted the Law on the Capital, which stipulates that Jerusalem is the capital of the Palestinian State, the main seat of its three branches of government. The State of Palestine is the sovereign of Jerusalem and of its holy places. Any statute or agreement that diminishes the rights of the Palestinian State in Jerusalem is invalid. This statute can be amended only with the consent of two-thirds of the members of the Legislative Council. The 2003 Basic Law also asserts that Jerusalem is the capital of the State of Palestine."  Reprinted from: Wolfrum, Rüdiger (ed.) (online 2008, print 2011). The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law. Oxford University Press.
  6. "Declaration of Independence (1988) (UN Doc)". United Nations. 18 November 1988. 
  7. Miskin, Maayana (5 December 2012). "PA Weighs 'State of Palestine' Passport". Arutz Sheva. "A senior PA official revealed the plans in an interview with Al-Quds newspaper. The change to 'state' status is important because it shows that 'the state of Palestine is occupied,' he said." 
  8. State of Palestine name change shows limitations. 17 January 2013. "Israel remains in charge of territories the world says should one day make up that state.". 
  9. "Table 3, Population by sex, annual rate of population increase, surface area and density". Demographic Yearbook. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  10. "The World Factbook: Middle East: West Bank". Central Intelligence Agency. 7 April 2014. 
  11. "The World Factbook: Middle East: Gaza Strip". Central Intelligence Agency. 12 May 2014. 
  12. "State of Palestine Population". Worldometers. 
  13. "GINI Index: West Bank and Gaza". 
  14. "Human Development Report 2019" (in en) (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. December 10, 2019. 
  15. According to Article 4 of the 1994 Paris Protocol Archived 1 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine. The Protocol allows the Palestinian Authority to adopt multiple currencies. In the West Bank, the Israeli new sheqel and Jordanian dinar are widely accepted; while in the Gaza Strip, the Israeli new sheqel and Egyptian pound are widely accepted.
  16. Al Zoughbi, Basheer (November 2011). "The de jure State of Palestine under Belligerent Occupation: Application for Admission to the United Nations". 
  17. Falk, Palma (30 November 2012). "Is Palestine now a state?". CBS News. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  18. "Israel defies UN after vote on Palestine with plans for 3,000 new homes in the West Bank". The Independent. 1 December 2012. [1] Archived 2017-10-18 at the Wayback Machine
  19. Charbonneau, Louis (29 November 2012). "Palestinians win implicit U.N. recognition of sovereign state". Thomson Reuters. 
  20. Lederer, Edith M (30 November 2012). "Live Stream: Palestine asks United Nations for a 'birth certificate' ahead of vote". New Zealand: MediaWorks TV.